- An example of shut is to close a window.
- An example of shut is to attach the lid to the top of a container.
transitive verb, shut′ting
- to move (a door, window, lid, etc.) into a position that closes the opening to which it is fitted
- to close by so moving its lid, cover, etc.: shut a cash box, one's eyes, etc.
- to fasten (a door, etc.) securely, as with a bolt or catch
- to close (an opening, passage, container, etc.)
- to prevent or forbid entrance to or exit from; close or bar
- to confine or enclose in a room, cage, building, etc.
- to fold up or bring together the parts of (an umbrella, a book, the mouth, etc.)
- to stop or suspend the operation of (a business, school, etc.)
Origin of shutMiddle English (W Midland) schutten from Old English scyttan from base of sceotan, to cast: see shoot
- the act or time of shutting or closing; close
- the connecting line between two pieces of welded metal
- to close by lowering
- to descend and envelop or darken a place: said of night, fog, etc.
- to cease or cause to cease operating; close (a factory, etc.)
- Informal to bring to an end or restrict severely (with on or upon)
- to prevent the passage of (electricity, steam, etc.)
- to prevent passage through (a road, faucet, etc.)
- to separate; isolate
- to deny entrance or admission to; exclude (sound, a view, etc.)
- to prevent (an opposing side or team) from scoring in a game or from winning even one game in a series of games
- to enclose, confine, or imprison
- to close all the entrances to
- to stop or cause to stop talking
- to prevent from speaking or writing freely; silence or censor
verbshut, shut·ting, shuts
- a. To move (a door or lid, for example) so as to block passage through an opening.b. To fasten with a lock, catch, or latch: shut the cabinet.
- To block entrance to or exit from; close: shut a corridor.
- To confine in a closed space: shut them in a cage.
- To exclude from a closed space: shut the cats out of the house.
- To fold up or bring together the parts of: shut the book.
- To cause to stop operating: shut down a restaurant; a school that was shut for the vacation.
- To move or become moved so as to block passage; close: a door that shuts by itself.
- To stop operating, especially automatically: The electricity shuts off at midnight.
- The act or time of shutting.
- The line of connection between welded pieces of metal.
Origin of shutMiddle English shutten from Old English scyttan ; see skeud- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present shuts, present participle shutting, simple past and past participle shut)
- To close, to stop from being open.
- Please shut the door.
- The light was so bright I had to shut my eyes.
- (intransitive) To close, to stop being open.
- If you wait too long, the automatic door will shut.
- (intransitive, chiefly UK) To close a business temporarily, or (of a business) to be closed.
- The pharmacy is shut on Sunday.
- To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.
Except when part of one of the derived terms listed below, almost every use of shut can be replaced by close. The reverse is not true -- there are many uses of close that cannot be replaced by shut.
From Middle English shutten, shetten, from Old English scyttan (“to cause rapid movement, shoot a bolt, shut, bolt, shut to, discharge a debt, pay off"), from Proto-Germanic *skutjanÄ…, *skuttjanÄ… (“to bar, bolt"), from Proto-Germanic *skuttÄ…, *skuttjÅ (“bar, bolt, shed"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keud- (“to drive, fall upon, rush"). Cognate with Dutch schutten (“to shut in, lock up"), German schÃ¼tzen (“to shut out, dam, protect, guard").