(third-person singular simple present forbids, present participle forbidding, simple past forbid, forbade or forbad, past participle forbidden)
- To disallow; to proscribe.
- Smoking in the restaurant is forbidden.
- To deny, exclude from, or warn off, by express command.
- To oppose, hinder, or prevent, as if by an effectual command.
- An impassable river forbids the approach of the army.
From Middle English forbeden, from Old English forbēodan (“to forbid, prohibit, restrain, refuse, repeal, annul”), equivalent to for- (“from, away”) + bid (“to offer, proclaim”). Cognate with Dutch verbieden (“to forbid”), German verbieten (“to forbid”), Danish forbyde (“to forbid”), Swedish förbjuda (“to forbid”), Gothic (faurbiudan).