forbid[fər bid′, fôr-]
- To forbid is defined as to order that something not occur, or to prevent something from occurring.
When you order your child not to go to a party, this is an example of a time when you forbid your child from going.
transitive verbfor·bade or for·bad , for·bid·den or for·bid, for·bid·ding, for·bids
- To command (someone) not to do something: I forbid you to go.
- To command against the doing or use of (something); prohibit: forbid smoking on trains.
- To have the effect of preventing; preclude: Discretion forbids a reply.
Origin of forbidMiddle English forbidden, forbeden, from Old English forbēodan; see bheudh- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present forbids, present participle forbidding, simple past forbid, forbade or forbad, past participle forbidden)
- This is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive when the forbidden person is mentioned, and the gerund (-ing) otherwise. . Examples:
- The management forbids employees to smoke in the office. (Active; those subject to prohibition are identified)
- Employees are forbidden to smoke in the office. (Passive; those subject to prohibition are identified)
- The management forbids smoking in the office. (Active; those subject to prohibition are not identified)
- Smoking in the office is forbidden. (Passive; those subject to prohibition are not identified)
From Middle English forbeden, from Old English forbēodan (“to forbid, prohibit, restrain, refuse, repeal, annul”), equivalent to for- (“from, away”) + bid (“to offer, proclaim”). Cognate with Dutch verbieden (“to forbid”), German verbieten (“to forbid”), Danish forbyde (“to forbid”), Swedish förbjuda (“to forbid”), Gothic (faurbiudan).
Variant of forbid