The handyman's offer turned out to be a sham because he insisted on a large down payment then skipped town without doing the work.
- Sham means not real or fake.
An example of sham used as an adjective is the phrase "sham intelligence" which means smarts that are not really there.
- The definition of a sham is something or someone that is false or has a disguise.
An example of a sham is a fake diamond being advertised as a real one.
- To sham is defined as to pretend to be something you are not or to disguise something.
An example of to sham is to advertise fake gold as real.
- Obs. a trick or fraud
- an imitation that is meant to deceive; counterfeit
- a hypocritical action, deceptive appearance, etc.
- a person who is not what he or she pretends to be; fraud; impostor
- pillow sham
Origin of shamprobably from northern Eng dialect, dialectal variant, variety of shame
transitive verbshammed, sham′ming
- a. Something false or empty that is purported to be genuine: “Because she had been so readily unfaithful, her marriage was a sham” ( Alice Munro )b. Deceitfulness or pretense: “She saw herself as a person surrounded by, living by, sham” ( Alice Munro )c. One who claims to be what he or she is not; an impostor or fraud: “He a man! Hell! He was a hollow sham!” ( Joseph Conrad )
- A decorative cover for a pillow.
verbshammed, sham·ming, shams
Origin of shamPerhaps dialectal variant of shame
(comparative more sham, superlative most sham)
(third-person singular simple present shams, present participle shamming, simple past and past participle shammed)
- To deceive, cheat, lie.
- To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
- To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.
Probably a dialectal form of shame.
sham - Investment & Finance Definition
- A transaction that is designed to trick or defraud investors.
- A means to avoid taxes fraudulently.
sham - Legal Definition