Origin of shamanRussian šaman from Tungusic from Prakrit ?amana, Buddhist monk from Sanskrit ?rama?a, origin, originally , ascetic, akin to ?ram, to fatigue
Origin of shamanRussian from Evenki šaman Buddhist monk, shaman perhaps from Tocharian B &slowdot;amāne monk from Prakrit (dialect of documents from the ancient city of Niya in the Taklimakan) &slowdot;amana from Sanskrit śrama&nlowdot;ah from śramah religious exercise from śramati he toils, practices austerity
- The plural form is shamans, not shamen; the etymologically-consistent plural form from the original Evenki is shamasal, but this form sees no use in English; the plural form shamans is, however, universally accepted.
From German Schamane, from Russian ÑˆÐ°Ð¼Ð°Ð½ (Å¡amÃ¡n), from Evenki ÑˆÐ°Ð¼Ð°Ð½ (Å¡amÃ¡n). The Evenki word is probably ultimately derived from Pali à¤¸à¤®à¤¨ (samana) from Sanskrit à¤¶à¥à¤°à¤®à¤£ (Å›ramaá¹‡Ã¡, “ascetic, monk, devotee"), from à¤¶à¥à¤°à¤® (Å›rÃ¡ma, “fatigue, weariness, exhaustion; labor, toil etc."). The Pali term may have entered Evenki through either Tocharian B á¹£amÄne (“monk") or Chinese æ²™é–€ (shÄmÃ©n, “Buddhist monk").