shaman[s̸hä′mən, s̸hā′-; s̸ham′ən]
Origin of shamanRussian ; from Tungusic šaman ; from Prakrit amana, Buddhist monk ; from Sanskrit ramaṇa, origin, originally , ascetic, akin to ram, to fatigue
Origin of shamanRussian, from Evenki šaman, Buddhist monk, shaman, perhaps from Tocharian B &slowdot;amāne, monk, from Prakrit (dialect of documents from the ancient city of Niya in the Taklimakan) &slowdot;amana, from Sanskrit śrama&nlowdot;a&hlowdot;, from śrama&hlowdot;, religious exercise, from śramati, he toils, practices austerity.
- The plural form is shamans, not shamen; the etymologically-consistent plural form from the original Evenki is shamasal, but this form sees no use in English; the plural form shamans is, however, universally accepted.
From German Schamane, from Russian шаман (šamán), from Evenki шаман (šamán). The Evenki word is probably ultimately derived from Pali समन (samana) from Sanskrit श्रमण (śramaṇá, “ascetic, monk, devotee”), from श्रम (śráma, “fatigue, weariness, exhaustion; labor, toil etc.”). The Pali term may have entered Evenki through either Tocharian B ṣamāne (“monk”) or Chinese 沙門 (shāmén, “Buddhist monk”).