shaman[s̸hä′mən, s̸hā′-; s̸ham′ən]
Origin of shamanRussian ; from Tungusic šaman ; from Prakrit amana, Buddhist monk ; from Sanskrit ramaṇa, origin, originally , ascetic, akin to ram, to fatigue
Origin of shamanRussian, from Evenki šaman, Buddhist monk, shaman, perhaps from Tocharian B &slowdot;amāne, monk, from Prakrit (dialect of documents from the ancient city of Niya in the Taklimakan) &slowdot;amana, from Sanskrit śrama&nlowdot;a&hlowdot;, from śrama&hlowdot;, religious exercise, from śramati, he toils, practices austerity.
- The plural form is shamans, not shamen; the etymologically-consistent plural form from the original Evenki is shamasal, but this form sees no use in English; the plural form shamans is, however, universally accepted.
From German Schamane, from Russian ÑˆÐ°Ð¼Ð°Ð½ (Å¡amÃ¡n), from Evenki ÑˆÐ°Ð¼Ð°Ð½ (Å¡amÃ¡n). The Evenki word is probably ultimately derived from Pali à¤¸à¤®à¤¨ (samana) from Sanskrit à¤¶à¥à¤°à¤®à¤£ (Å›ramaá¹‡Ã¡, â€œascetic, monk, devoteeâ€), from à¤¶à¥à¤°à¤® (Å›rÃ¡ma, â€œfatigue, weariness, exhaustion; labor, toil etc.â€). The Pali term may have entered Evenki through either Tocharian B á¹£amÄne (â€œmonkâ€) or Chinese æ²™é–€ (shÄmÃ©n, â€œBuddhist monkâ€).