Origin of shaman
- Russian from Evenki šaman Buddhist monk, shaman perhaps from Tocharian B ṭamāne monk from Prakrit (dialect of documents from the ancient city of Niya in the Taklimakan) ṭamana from Sanskrit śramaṇaḥ from śramaḥ religious exercise from śramati he toils, practices austerity
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- From German Schamane, from Russian ÑˆÐ°Ð¼Ð°Ð½ (Å¡amÃ¡n), from Evenki ÑˆÐ°Ð¼Ð°Ð½ (Å¡amÃ¡n). The Evenki word is probably ultimately derived from Pali à¤¸à¤®à¤¨ (samana) from Sanskrit à¤¶à¥à¤°à¤®à¤£ (Å›ramaá¹‡Ã¡, “ascetic, monk, devotee"), from à¤¶à¥à¤°à¤® (Å›rÃ¡ma, “fatigue, weariness, exhaustion; labor, toil etc."). The Pali term may have entered Evenki through either Tocharian B á¹£amÄne (“monk") or Chinese æ²™é–€ (shÄmÃ©n, “Buddhist monk").