have[hav; also, as before “to'' haf]
- Have is defined as to contain, hold or own something.
An example of to have is to own a car and a house.
These people have a new home.
transitive verbhad , having
- to hold in the hand or in control; own; possess: to have wealth
- to possess or contain as a part, characteristic, attribute, etc.: she has blue eyes; the week has seven days
- to be affected by or afflicted with: to have a cold
- to possess by way of experience; experience; undergo: have a good time
- to possess an understanding of; know: to have only a little Spanish
- to hold or keep in the mind: to have an idea
- to declare or state: so gossip has it
- to gain possession, control, or mastery of
- to get, take, receive, or obtain: to have news of someone, have a look at it
- to consume; eat or drink: have some tea
- to bear or beget (offspring)
- to perform; carry on; engage in: to have an argument
- to cause to: have them walk home
- to cause to be: have this done first
- to be in a certain relation to: to have brothers and sisters
- to feel and show: have pity on her
- to permit; tolerate: used in the negative: I won't have this nonsense
- to hold at a disadvantage or to overcome: I had my opponent now
- to deceive; take in; cheat: they were had in that business deal
- to engage in sexual intercourse with
Origin of haveMiddle English haven (earlier habben) ; from Old English habban, akin to Old High German haben, Old Norse hafa, Gothic haban ; from Indo-European base an unverified form kap-, to grasp from source Classical Greek kaptein, to gulp down, Classical Latin capere, to take: primary sense, “to hold, have in hand”
have had itSlang
- to be exhausted, defeated, disgusted, bored, ready to quit, etc.
- to be no longer popular, useful, accepted, etc.
have it good
have it off
have it out
- to be wearing; be dressed in
- Brit., Informal to fool (someone) by playing on the person's credulity; trick; kid: you're having me on, aren't you?
have to be☆
have to do with
to have and to hold
verbhad had , hav·ing, has
- a. To be in possession of: already had a car.b. To possess as a characteristic, quality, or function: has a beard; had a great deal of energy.c. To possess or contain as a constituent part: a car that has air bags.
- To occupy a particular relation to: had many disciples.
- To possess knowledge of or facility in: has very little Spanish.
- To hold in the mind; entertain: had doubts about their loyalty.
- To use or exhibit in action: have compassion.
- a. To come into possession of; acquire: Not one copy of the book was to be had in the entire town.b. To receive; get: I had a letter from my cousin.c. To accept; take: I'll have the peas instead of the spinach.
- a. To suffer from: have defective vision.b. To be subject to the experience of: had a difficult time last winter.
- a. To cause to do something, as by persuasion or compulsion: had my assistant run the errand.b. To cause to be in a specified place or state: had the guests in the dining room; had everyone fascinated.
- To permit; allow: I won't have that kind of behavior in my house.
- To carry on, perform, or execute: have an argument.
- a. To place at a disadvantage: Your opponent in the debate had you on every issue.b. Informal To get the better of, especially by trickery or deception: They realized too late that they'd been had by a swindler.c. Informal To influence by dishonest means; bribe: an incorruptible official who could not be had.
- a. To procreate (offspring): wanted to have a child.b. To give birth to; bear: She's going to have a baby.
- To partake of: have lunch.
- To be obliged to; must: We simply have to get there on time.
- To engage in sexual intercourse with.
Origin of haveMiddle English haven, from Old English habban; see kap- in Indo-European roots. Usage Note: The idioms had better and had best resemble an auxiliary verb in that their form never changes to show person or tense and that they cannot follow another verb in a phrase. In informal speech, people tend to omit had, especially with had better, as in You better clean up your room! In formal contexts and in writing, however, had should be kept either in full or as a contraction: We had better revise the proposal or We'd better revise the proposal. See Usage Note at rather.
(third-person singular simple present has, or archaic hath, present participle having, simple past and past participle had)
- Additional archaic forms are second-person singular present tense hast and second-person singular past tense hadst or haddest.
- To possess, own, hold.
- I have a house and a car.
- Look what I have here — a frog I found on the street!
- To be related in some way to (with the object identifying the relationship).
- I have two sisters.
- The dog down the street has a lax owner.
- To partake of a particular substance (especially a food or drink) or action.
- I have breakfast at six o'clock.
- Can I have a look at that?
- I'm going to have some pizza and a beer right now.
- (auxiliary verb, taking a past participle) Used in forming the perfect aspect and the past perfect aspect.
- I have already eaten today.
- I had already eaten.
- (auxiliary verb, taking a to-infinitive) must.
- I have to go.
- Note: there's a separate entry for have to.
- To give birth to.
- The couple always wanted to have children.
- My wife is having the baby right now!
- To engage in sexual intercourse with.
- He's always bragging about how many women he's had.
- (transitive with bare infinitive) To cause to, by a command or request.
- They had me feed their dog while they were out of town.
- (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To cause to be.
- He had him arrested for trespassing.
- The lecture's ending had the entire audience in tears.
- (transitive with bare infinitive) To be affected by an occurrence. (Used in supplying a topic that is not a verb argument.)
- The hospital had several patients contract pneumonia last week.
- I've had three people today tell me my hair looks nice.
- (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To depict as being.
- Their stories differed; he said he'd been at work when the incident occurred, but her statement had him at home that entire evening.
- Anton Rogan, 8, was one of the runners-up in the Tick Tock Box short story competition, not Anton Rogers as we had it. — The Guardian.
- Used as interrogative auxiliary verb with a following pronoun to form tag questions. (For further discussion, see "Usage notes" below)
- We haven't eaten dinner yet, have we?
- Your wife hasn't been reading that nonsense, has she?
- (UK usage) He has some money, hasn't he?
- (UK, slang) To defeat in a fight; take.
- I could have him!
- I'm gonna have you!
- (Ireland) To be able to speak a language.
- I have no German
- To feel or be (especially painfully) aware of.
- Dan certainly has arms today, probably from scraping paint off four columns the day before.
- To be afflicted with, to suffer from, to experience something negative
- He had a cold last week.
- We had a hard year last year, with the locust swarms and all that.
- To trick, to deceive
- You had me alright! I never would have thought that was just a joke.
- (often with present participle) To allow
Interrogative auxiliary verb
have ...? (third-person singular has ...?, third-person singular negative hasn't ...? or has ... not?, negative for all other persons, singular and plural haven't ...? or have ... not?); in each case, the ellipsis stands for a pronoun
- Used with a following pronoun to form tag questions after statements that use "have" to form the perfect tense or (in UK usage) that use "have" in the present tense.
- “We haven't eaten dinner yet, have we?”
- “Your wife hasn't been reading that nonsense, has she?”
- “I'd bet that student hasn't studied yet, have they?”
- “You've known all along, haven't you?”
- “The sun has already set, has it not?”
- (UK usage) “He has some money, hasn't he?”
- This construction forms a tag that converts a present perfect tense sentence into a question. The tag always uses an object pronoun substituting for the subject. Negative sentences use has or have, distinguished by number. Affirmative sentences use the same followed by not, or alternatively, more commonly, and less formally, hasn't or haven't. .
- In American usage, this construction does not apply to present tense sentences with has or have, or their negations, as a verb; it does not apply either to the construction "have got". In those cases, use "does" or its negation instead. For example: "He has some money, doesn't he?" and "I have got enough time, don't I?" These constructions with "do", "does", "don't" or "doesn't" are considered incorrect in UK usage.
From Middle English haven, from Old English habban, hafian (“to have”), from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (“to have”), durative of Proto-Germanic *habjaną (“to lift, take up”), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (“to take, seize, catch”). Cognate with West Frisian hawwe (“to have”), Dutch hebben (“to have”), Low German hebben, hewwen (“to have”), German haben (“to have”), Danish have (“to have”), Swedish hava (“to have”), Icelandic hafa (“to have”), Latin capiō (“take”, verb), Russian хапать (khapat', “to seize”). More at heave.
Since there is no common Indo-European root for a transitive possessive verb have (notice that Latin "habeo" is not related to English "have"), Proto-Indo-European probably lacked the have structure. Instead, the third person forms of be were used, with the possessor in dative case, cf. Latin mihi est / sunt, literally to me is / are.