- When you struggle to lift a heavy object, this is an example of a time when you heave.
- When you throw something across the room, this is an example of a time when you heave it across the room.
- When you try to throw up and make retching noises, this is an example of a time when you heave.
- to raise or lift, esp. with effort
- to lift in this way and throw or cast
- to throw
- to make rise or swell, as one's chest
- to utter (a sigh, groan, etc.) with great effort or pain
- Geol. to displace (a stratum or vein), as by the intersection of another stratum or vein
- Naut. to raise, haul, pull, move, etc. by pulling with a rope or cable
Origin of heaveMiddle English heven ; from Old English hebban, akin to German heben (Goth hafjan) ; from Indo-European base an unverified form kap-, to seize, grasp from source have, Classical Latin capere
- to swell up; bulge out
- to rise and fall rhythmically: heaving waves
- to make strenuous, spasmodic movements of the throat, chest, or stomach; specif.,
- to retch; vomit or strain to vomit
- to pant; breathe hard; gasp
- to tug or haul (on or at a cable, rope, etc.)
- to push (at a capstan to turn it)
- to proceed; move: a ship hove into sight
- the act or effort of heaving
- a throw
- the extent of horizontal displacement caused by a fault
- an upward displacement of soil, rocks, etc., usually caused by frost or moistureoften called heaving
- Naut. to stop forward movement, esp. by bringing the vessel's head into the wind and keeping it there
- to stop
verbheaved heaved, heav·ing, heaves
- To raise or lift, especially with great effort or force: heaved the box of books onto the table. See Synonyms at lift.
- a. To throw (a heavy object) with great effort; hurl: heave the shot; heaved a brick through the window.b. To throw or toss: heaved his backpack into the corner.
- To give out or utter with effort or pain: heaved a sigh; heaved a groan.
- To vomit (something).
- past tense and past participle hove hove Nautical a. To raise or haul up by means of a rope, line, or cable: hove the anchor up and set sail.b. To move (a ship) in a certain direction or into a certain position by hauling: hove the ship astern.
- To make rise or swell: the wind heaving huge waves; an exhausted dog heaving its chest.
- Geology To displace or move (a vein, lode, or stratum, for example).
- To rise up or swell, as if pushed up; bulge: The sidewalk froze and heaved.
- To rise and fall in turn, as waves.
- To gag or vomit.
- To pant; gasp: heave for air.
- past tense and past participle hove hove Nautical a. To move in a certain direction or to a specified position: The frigate hove alongside.b. To pull at or haul a rope or cable: The brig is heaving around on the anchor.c. To push at a capstan bar or lever.
- The act or effort of raising or lifting something: with a great heave hauled the fish onto the deck.
- An act of hurling; a throw, especially when considered in terms of distance: a heave of 63 feet.
- Geology a. A horizontal dislocation, as of a rock stratum, at a fault.b. An upward movement of a surface, especially when caused by swelling and expansion of clay, removal of overburden, or freezing of subsurface water.
- An upward movement, especially of a ship or aircraft.
- The act or an instance of gagging or vomiting.
- heaves (used with a sing. or pl. verb) A pulmonary disease of horses that is characterized by respiratory irregularities, such as coughing, and is noticeable especially after exercise or in cold weather.
Origin of heaveMiddle English heven, from Old English hebban; see kap- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present heaves, present participle heaving, simple past heaved or, nautical, hove, past participle heaved or, nautical hove/ hoven)
- (archaic) To lift (generally); to raise, or cause to move upwards (particularly in ships or vehicles) or forwards.
- To lift with difficulty; to raise with some effort; to lift (a heavy thing).
- We heaved the chest-of-doors on to the second-floor landing.
- (intransitive) To be thrown up or raised; to rise upward, as a tower or mound.
- (mining, geology) To displace (a vein, stratum).
- (now rare) To cause to swell or rise, especially in repeated exertions.
- The wind heaved the waves.
- (intransitive) To rise and fall.
- Her chest heaved with emotion.
- To utter with effort.
- She heaved a sigh and stared out of the window.
- (now nautical) To throw, cast.
- The cap'n hove the body overboard.
- (nautical) To pull up with a rope or cable.
- Heave up the anchor there, boys!
- (intransitive, nautical) To move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation.
- to heave the ship ahead
- (intransitive) To make an effort to vomit; to retch.
- (intransitive) To vomit.
- The smell of the old cheese was enough to make you heave.
- (intransitive) To make an effort to raise, throw, or move anything; to strain to do something difficult.
- An effort to raise something, as a weight, or one's self, or to move something heavy.
- An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, and the like.
- A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode.
- (nautical) The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel goes up and down in a short period of time. Compare with pitch.
From Middle English heven, hebben, from Old English hebban, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (“to take up, lift”) (compare West Frisian heffe, Dutch heffen, German heben, Danish hæve), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyé-, from the root *keh₂p- (compare Old Irish cáin 'law, tribute', cacht 'prisoner', Latin capiō 'to take', Latvian kàmpt 'to seize', Albanian kap (“I grasp, seize”), Ancient Greek κάπτω (káptō, “to gulp down”), κώπη (kṓpē, “handle”)).