- The definition of a surge is a sudden gust of something or a very sudden and dramatic increase.
- An example of a surge is a crowd that suddenly and quickly moves forward.
- An example of a surge is a sudden increase of electric current or voltage.
- An example of a surge is when a companies profits go from $100,000 to $1,000,000.
- An example of a surge is the act of being overcome with happiness and other emotions.
- Surge is defined as to quickly and suddenly move as part of a crowd, to increase rapidly and suddenly, or to cause someone to feel sudden and powerful emotions.
- An example of surge is when you move forward because you are caught up in a crowd.
- An example of surge is when profits dramatically go up.
- An example of surge is when the power supply in your office suddenly increases.
- An example of surge is a powerful emotion suddenly arising in a person.
- a large mass of or as of moving water; wave; swell; billow
- such waves or billows collectively or in a series
- a movement of or like that of a mass of water; violent rolling, sweeping, or swelling motion: the surge of the sea
- a sudden, sharp increase of electric current or voltage in a circuit
- any sudden, strong increase, as of energy, enthusiasm, etc.
- the concave part of a capstan or windlass, upon which the rope surges, or slips
- such a surging, or slipping
Origin of surgeLate Middle English sourge, fountain, stream, probably ; from Old French sourgeon ; from stem of sourdre, to rise ; from Classical Latin surgere, to rise, spring up ; from an unverified form subsregere ; from subs-, variant, variety of sub- (see sub-) + regere, to direct (see right)
- to have a heavy, violent swelling motion; move in or as in a surge or surges
- to rise and fall or be tossed about on waves, as a ship
- to increase suddenly or abnormally: said of electric current or voltage
- to slip: said esp. of a rope or cable on a capstan or windlass
Origin of surge< OFr sourg-, stem of sourdre: see surgethe
verbsurged, surg·ing, surg·es
- To rise and move in a billowing or swelling manner.
- To roll or be tossed about on waves, as a boat.
- To move like advancing waves: The fans surged forward to see the movie star.
- To increase suddenly: As favorable reviews came out, interest in the software surged.
- To improve one's performance suddenly, especially in bettering one's standing in a competition.
- Nautical To slip around a windlass. Used of a rope.
verb, transitive Nautical
- A powerful wave or swell of water.
- a. A sudden rushing motion like that of a great wave: The surge of the herd forced some animals into the river.b. The forward and backward motion of a ship subjected to wave action.
- a. A sudden onrush or increase: a surge of joy; a surge in prices.b. A period of intense effort that improves a competitor's standing, as in a race.c. A sudden, transient increase or oscillation in electric current or voltage.d. Astronomy A brief increase in the intensity of solar activity such as X-ray emission, solar wind, solar flares, and prominences.
- Nautical a. The part of a windlass into which the cable surges.b. A temporary release or slackening of a cable.
Origin of surgeProbably French sourdre, sourge- (from Old French) and French surgir, to rise (from Old French, to cast anchor, from Old Catalan), both from Latin surgere, to rise : sub-, from below; see sub– + regere, to lead straight; see reg- in Indo-European roots.
- A sudden transient rush, flood or increase.
- The maximum amplitude of a vehicle's forward/backward oscillation
- He felt a surge of excitement.
- (electricity) A sudden electrical spike or increase of voltage and current.
- A power surge at that generator created a blackout across the whole district.
- (nautical) The swell or heave of the sea. (FM 55-501).
- The tapered part of a windlass barrel or a capstan, upon which the cable surges, or slips.
(third-person singular simple present surges, present participle surging, simple past and past participle surged)
From Middle English surgen, possibly from Middle French sourgir, from Old French surgir (“to rise, ride near the shore, arrive, land"), from Old Catalan surgir, from Latin surgere, contr. of surrigere, subrigere (“transitive lift up, raise, erect; intransitive rise, arise, get up, spring up, grow, etc."), from sub (“under") + regere (“to stretch"); see regent.