A woman gives a gift.
An example of give is for a child to offer his toy to another child.
transitive verbgave, giv′en, giv′ing
- to turn over the possession or control of to someone without cost or exchange; make a gift of
- to hand or pass over into the trust or keeping of someone: to give the porter a bag to carry, to give a daughter in marriage
- to hand or pass over in exchange for something else; sell (goods, services, etc.) for a price or pay (a price) for goods, services, etc.
- to relay; pass along: to give regards to someone
- to produce in a person or thing; cause to have; impart: to give pleasure, to give someone a cold
- to confer or assign (a title, position, name, etc.)
- to act as host or sponsor of (a party, dance, etc.)
- to put in communication with, as by telephone
- to be the source, origin, or cause of; produce; supply: cows give milk
- to part with for some cause; sacrifice: to give one's life for a cause
- to devote to some occupation, pursuit, etc.: to give one's life to art
- to concede; yield: to give a point in an argument
- to offer or yield (oneself) to a man for sexual intercourse
- to show; exhibit: to give every indication of being a fool
- to put forward for acceptance or rejection; offer; proffer: to give a suggestion
- to perform: to give a concert
- to introduce or present (a speaker, the subject of a toast, etc.)
- to make (a gesture, movement, etc.): to give a leap
- to perform (a physical act): to give someone a hug, kiss, etc.
- to administer or dispense (medicine, etc.)
- to utter, emit, or produce (words, sounds, etc.): to give a grunt
- to put into words; state: to give a thoughtful reply
- to inflict or impose (punishment, a sentence, etc.)
- Informal to predict that (something or someone) will last or remain for (a specified period of time): I give their marriage one year
Origin of giveMiddle English given (with g- from Old Norse gefa, to give), yeven from Old English giefan, akin to German geben from Indo-European base an unverified form ghabh-, to grasp, take from source Classical Latin habere, to have: the special Germanic sense of this base results from its use as a substitute for Indo-European an unverified form d?- (as in Classical Latin dare, to give)
- to make gifts or donations; contribute
- to bend, sink, move, break down, yield, etc. from force or pressure
- to be springy; be resilient
- to provide a view of, or a way of getting to, some place; open: usually with on, upon, or onto: the window gives on the park
- Slang to abandon a claim, fight, etc.; give in or give up
- a bending, moving, sinking, etc. under pressure
- a tendency to be springy; resilience
give and take
- to make a gift of; donate; bestow
- in a marriage ceremony, to present (the bride) ritually to the bridegroom
- Informal to reveal, expose, or betray
- to hand in
- to abandon a claim, fight, or argument; surrender; yield
give it to
give or take
- to send forth or out; emit
- to cause to be known; make public
- to distribute
- to become worn out or used up; fail to last
- to hand over
- to stop; cease
- to set apart for some purpose
give to understand (or believe, etc.)
- to hand over; turn over; surrender
- to stop; cease
- to admit failure and stop trying
- to lose hope for; despair of
- to sacrifice; devote wholly
verbgave, giv·en, giv·ing, gives
- To make a present of: We gave her flowers for her birthday.
- To place in the hands of; pass: Give me the scissors.
- a. To deliver in exchange or recompense; pay: gave five dollars for the book.b. To let go for a price; sell: gave the used car away for two thousand dollars.
- a. To administer: give him some cough medicine.b. To convey by a physical action: gave me a punch in the nose.c. To inflict as punishment: was given life imprisonment for the crime.
- a. To bestow, especially officially; confer: The Bill of Rights gives us freedom of speech.b. To accord or tender to another: Give him your confidence.c. To put temporarily at the disposal of: gave them the cottage for a week.d. To entrust to another, usually for a specified reason: gave me the keys for safekeeping.e. To communicate, convey, or offer for conveyance: Give him my best wishes. Give us the latest news.
- a. To endure the loss of; sacrifice: gave her son to the war; gave her life for her country.b. To devote or apply completely: gives herself to her work.c. To furnish or contribute: gave their time to help others.d. To offer in good faith; pledge: Give me your word.
- a. To allot as a portion or share.b. To bestow (a name, for example).c. To attribute (blame, for example) to someone; assign.d. To award as due: gave us first prize.
- To emit or utter: gave a groan; gave a muted response.
- To submit for consideration, acceptance, or use: give an opinion; give an excuse.
- a. To proffer to another: gave the toddler my hand.b. To consent to engage (oneself) in sexual intercourse with another person.
- a. To perform for an audience: give a recital.b. To present to view: gave the sign to begin.
- a. To offer as entertainment: give a dinner party.b. To propose as a toast.
- a. To be a source of; afford: His remark gave offense. Music gives her pleasure.b. To cause to catch or be subject to (a disease or bodily condition): The draft gave me a cold.c. To guide or direct, as by persuasion or behavior. Used with an infinitive phrase: You gave me to imagine you approved of my report.
- a. To yield or produce: Cows give milk.b. To bring forth or bear: trees that give fruit.c. To produce as a result of calculation: 5 × 12 gives 60.
- a. To manifest or show: gives promise of brilliance; gave evidence of tampering.b. To carry out (a physical movement): give a wink; give a start.
- To permit one to have or take: gave us an hour to finish.
- To take an interest to the extent of: “My dear, I don't give a damn” ( Margaret Mitchell )
- To make gifts or donations: gives generously to charity.
- a. To yield to physical force: The sail gave during the storm.b. To collapse from force or pressure: The roof gave under the weight of the snow.c. To yield to change: Both sides will have to give on some issues.
- To afford access or a view; open: The doors give onto a terrace.
- Slang To be in progress; happen: What gives?
- Capacity or inclination to yield under pressure.
- The quality or condition of resilience; springiness: “Fruits that have some give … will have more juice than hard ones” ( Elizabeth Schneider )
Origin of giveMiddle English given from Old English giefan Old Norse gefa ; see ghabh- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present gives, present participle giving, simple past gave, past participle given)
- (may take two objects) To move, shift, provide something abstract or concrete to someone or something or somewhere.
- To transfer one's possession or holding of (something) to (someone).
- I gave him my coat.
- I gave my coat to the beggar.
- When they asked, I gave my coat.
- To make a present or gift of.
- I'm going to give my wife a necklace for her birthday.
- She gave a pair of shoes to her husband for their anniversary.
- He gives of his energies to the organization.
- To pledge.
- I gave him my word that I'd protect his children.
- To provide (something) to (someone), to allow or afford.
- I gave them permission to miss tomorrow's class.
- Please give me some more time.
- To cause (a sensation or feeling) to exist in.
- It gives me a lot of pleasure to be here tonight.
- The fence gave me an electric shock.
- My mother-in-law gives me nothing but grief.
- To carry out (a physical interaction) with (something).
- I want to give you a kiss.
- She gave him a hug.
- I'd like to give the tire a kick.
- I gave the boy a push on the swing.
- She gave me a wink afterwards, so I knew she was joking.
- To pass (something) into (someone's) hand or the like.
- Give me your hand.
- On entering the house, he gave his coat to the doorman.
- To cause (a disease or condition) in, or to transmit (a disease or condition) to.
- My boyfriend gave me chlamydia.
- He was convinced that it was his alcoholism that gave him cancer.
- To transfer one's possession or holding of (something) to (someone).
- (may take two objects) To estimate or predict (a duration or probability) for (something).
- I give it ten minutes before he gives up.
- I give it a 95% chance of success.
- I'll give their marriage six months.
- (intransitive) To yield slightly when a force is applied.
- (intransitive) To collapse under pressure or force.
- One pillar gave, then more, and suddenly the whole floor pancaked onto the floor below.
- To provide, as, a service or a broadcast.
- They're giving my favorite show!
- (intransitive) To lead (onto or into).
- The master bedroom gives onto a spacious balcony.
- To exhibit as a product or result; to produce; to yield.
- The number of men, divided by the number of ships, gives four hundred to each ship.
- To cause; to make; used with the infinitive.
- To allow or admit by way of supposition.
- To attribute; to assign; to adjudge.
- To communicate or announce (advice, tidings, etc.); to pronounce or utter (an opinion, a judgment, a shout, etc.).
- (dated) To grant power or permission to; to allow.
- (reflexive) To devote or apply (oneself).
- The soldiers give themselves to plunder.
- That boy is given to fits of bad temper.
- What gives?
- (uncountable) The amount of bending that something undergoes when a force is applied to it.
- This chair doesn't have much give.
From Middle English given, from Old Norse gefa (“to give”), from Proto-Germanic *gebaną (“to give”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰh₁bʰ- (“to take, hold, have”). Displaced or merged with native Middle English yiven, ȝeven, from Old English ġiefan, from the same Proto-Germanic source (cf. the inherited now obsolete English doublet yive). Cognate with Scots gie (“to give”), Danish give (“to give”), Swedish giva, ge (“to give”), Icelandic gefa (“to give”), North Frisian jiw, jiiw, jeewe (“to give”), West Frisian jaan (“to give”), Low German geven (“to give”), Dutch geven (“to give”), German geben (“to give”), Latin habeō (“have, hold”), Old Irish gaibim (“I hold”), Lithuanian gabenti (“to carry, transport”), Polish gabać (“to grab, snatch”), Sanskrit गभस्ति (gabhasti, “hand”).
give - Legal Definition