An example of to sweat is a person's shirt being wet after they've run a five-mile race.
- to give forth a characteristic salty moisture through the pores of the skin; perspire
- to give forth moisture in droplets on its surface, as a ripening cheese does
- to collect and condense water in droplets on its surface, as a glass of ice water does in a warm room
- to ferment: said of tobacco leaves, etc.
- to come forth in drops through pores or a porous surface; ooze
- to work hard enough to cause sweating
- Informal to suffer distress, anxiety, etc.
Origin of sweatMiddle English sweten ; from Old English swætan ; from swat, sweat, akin to German schweissen ; from Indo-European base an unverified form sweid-, to sweat from source Classical Greek hidr?s, Classical Latin sudor, sweat
- to give forth (moisture) through pores or a porous surface
- to collect and condense (moisture) on the surface
- to cause to sweat, or perspire, as by drugs, exercise, heat, etc.
- to cause to give forth moisture; esp., to ferment: to sweat tobacco leaves
- to make wet with sweat, or perspiration
- to heat (a metal) in order to extract an easily fusible constituent
- to unite (metal parts) by pressing them together, usually with solder between them, and heating the point of contact until fusion is effected
- to remove particles of metal from (a coin) illegally, as by abrading
- to cause to work so hard as to sweat; overwork
- to cause (employees) to work long hours at low wages under poor working conditions; exploit (workers)
- ⌂ Informal
- to get information from by torture or by long, grueling questioning
- to get (information) in this way
- Slang to try hard or too hard to get or achieve
- Slang to worry or be annoyed about
- the clear, alkaline, salty liquid given forth in drops through the pores of the skin; perspiration
- moisture given forth or collected in droplets on the surface of something
- the act or condition of sweating or being sweated
- an artificially induced sweating
- a condition of eagerness, anxiety, impatience, etc.
- hard work; drudgery
- exercise, as a run, given a horse before a race
- clothes worn for exercising, warming up, etc.; specif., a sweat suit
Origin of sweataltered < the v. < ME swat < OE
- to work very hard; overwork
- to be impatient, apprehensive, anxious, etc.
sweat out⌂ Informal
- to get rid of or try to get rid of by sweating: to sweat out a cold
- to wait or suffer through (some ordeal, nuisance, etc.)
- to anticipate or wait anxiously or impatiently for
verbsweat·ed or sweat, sweat·ing, sweats
- To excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; perspire.
- To exude in droplets, as moisture from certain cheeses or sap from a tree.
- To collect moisture in small drops from the air, as a cold water pipe.
- a. To release moisture, as hay in the swath.b. To ferment, as tobacco during curing.
- Informal To work long and hard: sweated over his term paper.
- Informal To fret or worry: Don't sweat over the bills.
- a. To excrete (moisture) through a porous surface, such as the skin.b. To excrete (wastes) in perspiration: sweated out the toxins in the steam room.
- To have (moisture) condense in small drops on a surface.
- To cause to perspire, as by drugs, heat, or strenuous exercise: Running for the train got me sweated up.
- To make damp or wet with perspiration: His shirt was sweated.
- a. To cause to work excessively; overwork.b. To overwork and underpay (employees).
- Slang a. To interrogate (someone) under duress: sweated the suspected spy for hours.b. To extract (information) from someone under duress: The police sweated the information out of the suspect.
- Metallurgy To join (metal parts) by interposing cold solder and then heating.
- To steam (vegetables or other food).
- Informal To fret or worry about: Don't sweat the details.
- The colorless saline moisture excreted by the sweat glands; perspiration.
- Condensation of moisture in the form of droplets on a surface.
- a. The process of sweating.b. A condition or instance of sweating: worked up a sweat raking leaves.
- Strenuous labor or exertion: It took a lot of sweat to move the piano.
- A run given to a horse as exercise before a race.
- Informal An anxious, fretful condition: got myself in a sweat over the deadline.
- sweats Informal A sweatsuit.
Origin of sweatMiddle English sweten, from Old English sw&aemac;tan; see sweid- in Indo-European roots.
(usually uncountable, plural sweats)
- Fluid that exits the body through pores in the skin usually due to physical stress and/or high temperature for the purpose of regulating body temperature and removing certain compounds from the circulation.
- (UK, slang, military slang, especially WWI) A soldier (especially one who is old or experienced).
- (historical) The sweating sickness.
From Old English swÄt, from Proto-Germanic *swait-, from Proto-Indo-European *swoyd- (“to sweat"), *sweyd-. Cognate with West Frisian swit, Dutch zweet, German SchweiÃŸ, Danish sved, Swedish svett, Yiddish ×©×•×•×™×¦×Ÿ (shvitsn) (English shvitz), French sueur, Persian Ø®ÙˆÛŒ (xway), Sanskrit à¤¸à¥à¤µà¥‡à¤¦ (svÃ©da), Latvian sviedri, Tocharian B syÄ-, and Albanian djersÃ«.
(third-person singular simple present sweats, present participle sweating, simple past and past participle sweated)
- (intransitive) To emit sweat.
- To cause to excrete moisture from the skin; to cause to perspire.
- His physicians attempted to sweat him by most powerful sudorifics.
- (intransitive, informal) To work hard.
- I've been sweating over my essay all day.
- (informal) To extract money, labour, etc. from, by exaction or oppression.
- to sweat a spendthrift; to sweat labourers
- (intransitive, informal) To worry.
- (colloquial) To worry about (something). [from 20th c.]
- To emit, in the manner of sweat.
- to sweat blood
- (intransitive) To emit moisture.
- The cheese will start sweating if you don't refrigerate it.
- (intransitive, plumbing) To solder (a pipe joint) together.
- (slang) To stress out.
- Stop sweatin' me!
- (intransitive) To cook slowly in shallow oil without browning.
From Old English swÃ¦tan, from the noun swÄt. Compare Dutch zweten, German schwitzen, Danish svede.