intransitive verbor sweat′ed, sweat′ing
- to give forth a characteristic salty moisture through the pores of the skin; perspire
- to give forth moisture in droplets on its surface, as a ripening cheese does
- to collect and condense water in droplets on its surface, as a glass of ice water does in a warm room
- to ferment: said of tobacco leaves, etc.
- to come forth in drops through pores or a porous surface; ooze
- to work hard enough to cause sweating
- Informal to suffer distress, anxiety, etc.
Origin of sweatMiddle English sweten from Old English swætan from swat, sweat, akin to German schweissen from Indo-European base an unverified form sweid-, to sweat from source Classical Greek hidr?s, Classical Latin sudor, sweat
- to give forth (moisture) through pores or a porous surface
- to collect and condense (moisture) on the surface
- to cause to sweat, or perspire, as by drugs, exercise, heat, etc.
- to cause to give forth moisture; esp., to ferment: to sweat tobacco leaves
- to make wet with sweat, or perspiration
- to heat (a metal) in order to extract an easily fusible constituent
- to unite (metal parts) by pressing them together, usually with solder between them, and heating the point of contact until fusion is effected
- to remove particles of metal from (a coin) illegally, as by abrading
- to cause to work so hard as to sweat; overwork
- to cause (employees) to work long hours at low wages under poor working conditions; exploit (workers)
- to get information from by torture or by long, grueling questioning
- to get (information) in this way
- Slang to try hard or too hard to get or achieve
- Slang to worry or be annoyed about
- the clear, alkaline, salty liquid given forth in drops through the pores of the skin; perspiration
- moisture given forth or collected in droplets on the surface of something
- the act or condition of sweating or being sweated
- an artificially induced sweating
- a condition of eagerness, anxiety, impatience, etc.
- hard work; drudgery
- exercise, as a run, given a horse before a race
- [pl.] clothes worn for exercising, warming up, etc.; specif., a sweat suit
Origin of sweataltered < the v. < ME swat < OE
- to work very hard; overwork
- to be impatient, apprehensive, anxious, etc.
- to get rid of or try to get rid of by sweating: to sweat out a cold
- to wait or suffer through (some ordeal, nuisance, etc.)
- to anticipate or wait anxiously or impatiently for