Antique photograph of slaves cutting sugar cane in Jamaica.
- The definition of a slave is a person who is the property of another and is under the control of the master or a person who is overly influenced by something or someone else.
- An example of slave is Harriet Tubman before her escape.
- An example of slave is a person who is dominated by fashion trends.
- Slave is defined as to work really hard for a long period of time.
An example of slave is to engage in physical labor at work for 14 hours a day.
- a human being who is owned as property by, and is absolutely subject to the will of, another; bondservant divested of all freedom and personal rights
- a person who is completely dominated by some influence, habit, person, etc.: a slave to fashion
- a person who slaves; drudge
- slave ant
- a device actuated or controlled by another, similar device
Origin of slaveMiddle English sclave from Old French or ML: Old French esclave from Medieval Latin sclavus, slave, origin, originally , Slavic, Slavonic from Late Greek Sklabos, ultimately from Old Church Slavonic Slov?ne, native name of a Slavic people: first used of captives of Slavic origin, originally in southeastern Europe
intransitive verbslaved, slav′ing
- to work like a slave; drudge
- to deal in slaves; be a slaver
- One who is owned as the property of someone else, especially in involuntary servitude.
- One who is subservient to or controlled by another: his boss's slave.
- One who is subject to or controlled by a specified influence: a slave to alcohol; a slave to an irrational fear.
- One who works extremely hard.
- One who acts out the role of the submissive partner in a sadomasochistic relationship.
- A slave ant.
- A machine or component controlled by another machine or component.
intransitive verbslaved, slav·ing, slaves
- To work very hard or doggedly; toil.
- To trade in or transport slaves.
- To cause a machine or component to be controlled by another machine or component.
Origin of slaveMiddle English sclave from Old French esclave from Medieval Latin sclāvus from Sclāvus Slav (from the widespread enslavement of captured Slavs in the early Middle Ages) ; see Slav . Word History: The derivation of the word slave encapsulates a bit of European history and explains why the two words slave and Slav are so similar; they are, in fact, historically identical. The word slave first appears in English around 1290, spelled sclave. The spelling is based on Old French esclave from Medieval Latin sclavus, “Slav, slave,” first recorded around 800. Sclavus comes from Byzantine Greek sklabos (pronounced sklä′vōs) “Slav,” which appears around 580. Sklavos approximates the Slavs' own name for themselves, the Slověnci, surviving in English Slovene and Slovenian. The spelling of English slave, closer to its original Slavic form, first appears in English in the 1500s. Slavs became slaves around the beginning of the ninth century when the Holy Roman Empire tried to stabilize a German-Slav frontier. By the 1100s, stabilization had given way to wars of expansion and extermination that did not end until 1410, when the Poles crushed the knights of the Teutonic Order at Grunwald in north-central Poland. • As far as the Slavs' own self-designation goes, its meaning is, understandably, better than “slave”; it comes from the Indo-European root *kleu-, whose basic meaning is “to hear” and occurs in many derivatives meaning “renown, fame.” The Slavs are thus “the famous people.” Slavic names ending in -slav incorporate the same word, such as Czech Bohu-slav, “God's fame,” Russian Msti-slav, “vengeful fame,” and Polish Stani-slaw, “famous for withstanding (enemies).”
- A person who is the property of another person and whose labor and also whose life often is subject to the owner's volition.
- A person who is legally obliged by prior contract (oral or written) to work for another, with contractually limited rights to bargain; an indentured servant.
- One who has lost the power of resistance; one who surrenders to something.
- a slave to passion, to strong drink, or to ambition
- A drudge; one who labours like a slave.
- An abject person; a wretch.
- Art thou the slave that with thy breath hast kill'd/ Mine innocent child? Shakespeare. Much Ado About Nothing.
- A person who is forced against his/her will to perform, for another person or other persons, sexual acts or other personal services on a regular or continuing basis.
- (engineering) A device that is controlled by another device.
(third-person singular simple present slaves, present participle slaving, simple past and past participle slaved)
From Middle English, from Old French sclave, from Medieval Latin sclāvus (“slave”), from Sclāvus (“Slav”), because Slavs were often forced into slavery in the Middle Ages. Compare Byzantine Greek σκλάβος.
slave - Computer Definition
A computer or peripheral device controlled by another computer. For example, a terminal or printer in a remote location that only receives data is a slave. When two computers are hooked up via their serial or parallel ports for file exchange, the file transfer program may make one computer the master and the other the slave.