An agricultural worker in the middle ages who was responsible for growing and harvesting wheat on land owned by a lord and who paid dues to the lord for the privilege of living on the land is an example of a serf.
- Obs. a slave
- a person in feudal servitude, bound to his or her master's land and transferred with it to a new owner
- any person who is oppressed or without freedom
Origin of serfOld French from Classical Latin servus, slave, probably of Etruscan origin, originally
- A member of the lowest feudal class, legally bound to a landed estate and required to perform labor for the lord of that estate in exchange for a personal allotment of land.
- An agricultural laborer under various similar systems, especially in Russia and eastern Europe in the 1700s and 1800s.
- A person in bondage or servitude.
Origin of serfMiddle English from Old French from Latin servus slave
From Old French serf, from Latin servus (“slave, serf, servant"), perhaps of Etruscan origin