- The definition of a serf was an agricultural labor during the middle ages who was bound to work on a lord's estate.
An agricultural worker in the middle ages who was responsible for growing and harvesting wheat on land owned by a lord and who paid dues to the lord for the privilege of living on the land is an example of a serf.
- Obsolete a slave
- a person in feudal servitude, bound to his or her master's land and transferred with it to a new owner
- any person who is oppressed or without freedom
Origin: OFr from Classical Latin servus, slave, probably of Etruscan origin, originally
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- A member of the lowest feudal class, attached to the land owned by a lord and required to perform labor in return for certain legal or customary rights.
- An agricultural laborer under various similar systems, especially in 18th- and 19th-century Russia and eastern Europe.
- A person in bondage or servitude.
Origin: Middle English, from Old French, from Latin servus, slave.
- serfˈdom noun