- Surfeit is an excessive amount of something, such as food or drink, or an illness caused by consuming something in excess.
An example of surfeit is when a person has nausea because he has consumed too much food.
- Surfeit is to over consume or help someone else over consume to the point of being sick.
An example of surfeit is when a child eats so many cookies they become sick to their stomach.
- too great an amount or supply; excess (of): a surfeit of compliments
- overindulgence, esp. in food or drink
- discomfort, disgust, nausea, etc. resulting from any kind of excess; satiety
Origin of surfeitMiddle English surfet ; from Old French sorfait ; from sorfaire, to overdo ; from Late Latin an unverified form superficere ; from Classical Latin super (see super-) + facere, to make, do
Origin of surfeitME sorfeten
verbsur·feit·ed, sur·feit·ing, sur·feits
verb, intransitive Archaic
- a. Overindulgence in food or drink.b. The result of such overindulgence; satiety or disgust.
- An excessive amount.
Origin of surfeitMiddle English surfeten, from surfait, excess, from Old French, from past participle of surfaire, to overdo : sur-, sur- + faire, to do (from Latin facere; see dh&emacron;- in Indo-European roots).
(countable and uncountable, plural surfeits)
- (countable) An excessive amount of something.
- A surfeit of wheat is driving down the price.
- (uncountable) Overindulgence in either food or drink; overeating.
- (countable) A sickness or condition caused by overindulgence.
- King Henry I is said to have died of a surfeit of lampreys.
- Disgust caused by excess; satiety.
(third-person singular simple present surfeits, present participle surfeiting, simple past and past participle surfeited)
From Old French surfaire (“to augment, exaggerate, exceed"), from sur- + faire (“to do").