(comparative stouter, superlative stoutest)
- large; bulky, thickset; corpulent, fat.
- He lost the character of a bold, stout, magnanimous man.
- The lords all stand / To clear their cause, most resolutely stout.
- Commonly [...] they that be rich are lofty and stout.
- firm; resolute; dauntless.
- materially strong, enduring.
- Campers prefer stout vessels, sticks and cloth.
From Middle English stout, from Old French estout (“brave, fierce, proud") (Modern French dialectal stout (“proud")), earlier estolt (“strong"), from Proto-Germanic *stultaz (“proud, stately, stiff"), from Proto-Germanic *stil-, *stal-, *stul- (“to be solid, stationary, firm, stiff"), from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (“to put, stand"); cognate with Dutch stout (“stout, bold, rash"), Low German stolt (“stately, proud"), German stolz (“proud, haughty, arrogant, stately"), Old Norse stoltr (“proud") (Danish stolt (“proud"), Icelandic stoltur (“proud")). Meaning "strong in body, powerfully built" is attested from c.1386, but has been to a large extent displaced by the euphemistic meaning "thick-bodied, fat and large," which is first recorded 1804. Original sense preserved in stout-hearted (1552). The noun "strong, dark-brown beer" is first recorded 1677, from the adjective.