premise[prem′is; for v., chiefly Brit pri mīz′]
An example of premise is a couple seeing a movie chosen by one, because they saw a movie chosen by the other last week.
- also sp. Chiefly Brit.premiss
- a previous statement or assertion that serves as the basis for an argument
- Logic either of the two propositions of a syllogism from which the conclusion is drawn
- the part of a deed or lease that states the parties involved, the property in conveyance, and other pertinent facts
- the property so mentioned
- a piece of real estate; house or building and its land: keep off the premises
Origin of premiseMiddle English premisse ; from Medieval Latin praemissa ; from Classical Latin praemissus, past participle of praemittere, to send before ; from prae-, before + mittere, to send: see pre- and amp; mission
transitive verbpremised, premising
- to state as a premise
- to introduce or preface (a discourse, etc.)
- A proposition upon which an argument is based or from which a conclusion is drawn.
- Logic a. One of the propositions in a deductive argument.b. Either the major or the minor proposition of a syllogism, from which the conclusion is drawn.
- premisesa. Land, the buildings on it, or both the land and the buildings on it.b. A building or particular portion of a building.c. Law The part of a deed that states the details of the conveyance of the property.
verbprem·ised, prem·is·ing, prem·is·es
- To provide a basis for; base: “The American Revolution had been premised on a tacit bargain that regional conflicts would be subordinated to the need for unity among the states” (Ron Chernow).
- To state or assume as a proposition in an argument.
- To state in advance as an introduction or explanation.
Origin of premiseMiddle English premisse, from Old French, from Medieval Latin praemissa (propositiō), (the proposition) put before, premise, from Latin, feminine past participle of praemittere, to set in front : prae-, pre- + mittere, to send. Word History: Why do we call a single building the premises? To answer this question, we must go back to the Middle Ages. The English word premises comes from the Latin praemissa, which is both a feminine singular and a neuter plural form of praemissus, the past participle of praemittere, “to send in advance, utter by way of preface, place in front, prefix.” In Medieval Latin, the feminine form praemissa was often used with the sense “logical premise” in philosophical discussions, while the neuter plural praemissa was often used with the sense “things mentioned before” in legal documents. Latin praemissa was borrowed into Old French as premisse and thence into Middle English. In Middle English legal documents, the plural premisses came to be used with the sense “the property, collectively, which is specified in the beginning of a legal document and which is conveyed, as by grant.” By the first half of the 1700s, this use of the word had given rise to the modern sense of premises, “a building with its grounds or appurtenances.”
- A proposition antecedently supposed or proved; something previously stated or assumed as the basis of further argument; a condition; a supposition.
- (logic) Any of the first propositions of a syllogism, from which the conclusion is deduced.
- (usually in the plural, law) Matters previously stated or set forth; especially, that part in the beginning of a deed, the office of which is to express the grantor and grantee, and the land or thing granted or conveyed, and all that precedes the habendum; the thing demised or granted.
- (usually in the plural) A piece of real estate; a building and its adjuncts (in this sense, used most often in the plural form).
- trespass on another's premises
(third-person singular simple present premises, present participle premising, simple past and past participle premised)
- To state or assume something as a proposition to an argument.
- To make a premise.
- To set forth beforehand, or as introductory to the main subject; to offer previously, as something to explain or aid in understanding what follows.
- To send before the time, or beforehand; hence, to cause to be before something else; to employ previously.
From Middle English, from Old French premisse, from Medieval Latin premissa (“set before") (premissa propositio (“the proposition set before")), feminine past participle of Latin premittere (“to send or put before"), from pre- (“before") + mittere (“to send").
premise - Computer Definition
An assumption, proposition, or presupposition that serves as the basis for an argument. The word is often confused with premises. For example, CPE is the initialism for Customer Premises Equipment, which is equipment physically located on the customer premises -- at least that is the premise. See also premises.
premise - Legal Definition