presume[prē zo̵̅o̅m′, -zyo̵̅o̅m′, pri-]
- Presume is defined as to assume to be true without proof, or to dare to do something without permission.
- An example of presume is to believe in heaven even if there is no proof.
- An example of presume is to speak for another person without his or her knowledge or permission.
transitive verbpresumed, presuming
- to take upon oneself without permission or authority; dare (to say or do something); venture
- to take for granted; accept as true, lacking proof to the contrary; suppose
- to constitute reasonable evidence for supposing: a signed invoice presumes receipt of goods
Origin of presumeMiddle English presumen ; from Old French presumer ; from Classical Latin praesumere ; from prae-, before (see pre-) + sumere, to take: see consume
- to act presumptuously; take liberties
- to rely too much (on or upon), as in taking liberties: to presume on another's friendship
- to take something for granted
verbpre·sumed, pre·sum·ing, pre·sumes
- To take for granted as being true in the absence of proof to the contrary: “I presume you're tired after the long ride” (Edith Wharton).
- To constitute reasonable evidence for assuming; appear to prove: A signed hotel bill presumes occupancy of a room.
- To venture without authority or permission; dare: He presumed to invite himself to dinner.
- To take for granted that something is true or factual; make a supposition.
- To act presumptuously or take unwarranted advantage of something: Don't presume on their hospitality.
Origin of presumeMiddle English presumen, from Old French presumer, from Late Latin praesūmere, from Latin, to anticipate : prae-, pre- + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present presumes, present participle presuming, simple past and past participle presumed)
- (now rare) To perform, do (something) without authority; to lay claim to without permission. [from 14th c.]
- Don't make the decision yourself and presume too much.
- With infinitive object: to be so presumptuous as (to do something) without proper authority or permission. [from 14th c.]
- I wouldn't presume to tell him how to do his job.
- To assume to be true (without proof); to take for granted, to suppose. [from 14th c.]
- (intransitive) To be presumptuous; with on, upon, to take advantage (of), to take liberties (with). [from 15th c.]