assume[ə so̵̅o̅m′, -syo̵̅o̅m′]
- The definition of assume is to formulate or verbalize an idea for which there is no evidence.
An example of something someone might assume is that everyone will be nice to each other at an event.
- Assume is defined as to take on responsibility.
An example of something you may assume is a new duty at your place of work.
- Assume means to fulfill the obligations of someone else's position by taking over his job.
An example of a situation in which you may assume a position is if the president of your organization is inept and must be removed from office.
transitive verbassumed, assuming
- to take on or put on (the appearance, form, role, etc. of)
- to seize; usurp: to assume control
- to take upon oneself; undertake: to assume an obligation
- to take for granted; suppose (something) to be a fact
- to pretend to have; feign: to assume an air of innocence
- to take in or receive
- to take into association
Origin of assumeMiddle English assumen ; from Classical Latin assumere, to take up, claim ; from ad-, to + sumere, to take: see consume
verbas·sumed, as·sum·ing, as·sumes
- To take for granted; suppose: The study assumes that prices will rise.
- a. To take upon oneself (a duty or obligation): assume responsibility; assume another's debts.b. To undertake the duties of (an office): assumed the presidency.
- a. To take on (an appearance, role, or form, for example); adopt: “The god assumes a human form” (John Ruskin).b. To pretend to have; feign: assume an air of authority.
- To take over without justification; seize: assume control.
- To clothe oneself in; don: The queen assumed a velvet robe.
- To take up or receive into heaven.
Origin of assumeMiddle English assumen, from Latin assūmere : ad-, ad- + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present assumes, present participle assuming, simple past and past participle assumed)
- To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof.
- We assume that, as her parents were dentists, she knows quite a bit about dentistry.
- To take on a position, duty or form.
- Mr. Jones will assume the position of a lifeguard until a proper replacement is found.
- To take on in appearance; to adopt (a feigned attribute, etc.).
- To receive or adopt.
- To adopt an idea or cause.
From Latin assūmō (“accept, take”), from ad- (“to, towards, at”) + sūmō (“take up, assume”).