paradigm[par′ə dīm′, -dim]
- The definition of a paradigm is a widely accepted example, belief or concept.
- An example of paradigm is evolution.
- An example of paradigm is the earth being round.
The knowledge that the Earth is round is a paradigm.
- a pattern, example, or model
- an overall concept accepted by most people in an intellectual community, as those in one of the natural sciences, because of its effectiveness in explaining a complex process, idea, or set of data
- Gram. an example of a declension or conjugation, giving all the inflectional forms of a word
Origin of paradigmFrench paradigme ; from Late Latin paradigma ; from Classical Greek paradeigma ; from para-, para- + deigma, example ; from deiknynai, to show: for Indo-European base see diction
- One that serves as a pattern or model.
- A set or list of all the inflectional forms of a word or of one of its grammatical categories: the paradigm of an irregular verb.
- A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.
Origin of paradigmMiddle English, example, from Late Latin paradīgma, from Greek paradeigma, from paradeiknunai, to compare : para-, alongside; see para–1 + deiknunai, to show; see deik- in Indo-European roots. Usage Note: Paradigm first appeared in English in the 1400s, meaning “an example or pattern,” and it still bears this meaning today: Their company is a paradigm of the small high-tech firms that have recently sprung up in this area. For nearly 400 years paradigm has also been applied to the patterns of inflections that are used to sort the verbs, nouns, and other parts of speech of a language into groups that are more easily studied. Since the 1960s, paradigm has also been used in science to refer to a theoretical framework, as in a new paradigm for understanding diabetes. This usage was acceptable to 91 percent of the Usage Panel in our 2009 survey. Applications of the term in other contexts show that it can sometimes be used more loosely to mean “the prevailing view of things.” The Usage Panel also accepts these nonscientific extensions. In 2009, 74 percent accepted the sentence The paradigm governing international competition and competitiveness has shifted dramatically in the last three decades. This represents a dramatic increase over the 48 percent that accepted the same sentence in 1993.
- An example serving as a model or pattern; a template.
- (linguistics) A set of all forms which contain a common element, especially the set of all inflectional forms of a word or a particular grammatical category.
- The paradigm of "go" is "go, went, gone."
- A system of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality.
- A conceptual framework—an established thought process.
- A way of thinking which can occasionally lead to misleading predispositions; a prejudice. A route of mental efficiency which has presumably been verified by affirmative results/predictions.
- A philosophy consisting of ‘top-bottom’ ideas (namely biases which could possibly make the practitioner susceptible to the ‘confirmation bias’).
Established 1475-85 from Late Latin paradīgma, from Ancient Greek παράδειγμα (paradeigma, “pattern”).