When employers import foreign labourers in order to take the place of their men who are on strike.
They are composed of employers and workmen in equal numbers and are established by decree of the council of state, advised by the minister of justice.
The judges are elected by employers and workmen of a certain standing.
On the 6th of September the silver mines closed down, and a week later a conference of employers issued a manifesto which was met next day by a counter-manifesto of the Intercolonial Labour Conference, and almost immediately afterwards by the calling out of 40,000 men.
The Great Strike terminated early in November 1890, the employers gaining a decisive victory.