Previous to the gold discoveries of 1851 they may be included, from 1839, in a general summary view.
Cook having completed the survey of the east coast, to which he gave the name of New South Wales, sighted and named Cape York, the northernmost point of Australia, and took final possession of his discoveries northward from 38° S.
Some of his discoveries, including those of Pandora's Pass and the Darling Downs, were of great practical utility.
Austin, and the brothers Gregory, whose discoveries have great importance from a geographical point of view.
Turning to the mainland of Greece we see that the astonishing remains of a highly developed prehistoric civilization, which Schliemann first brought to light in 1876 at Mycenae, Minoan and which from those discoveries received the general influence on main= name of " Mycenaean," in the main represent a trans land of marine offshoot from the Minoan stock.