To look at a substance with a microscope is an example of analyse.
transitive verb-·lysed·, -·lys·ing
(third-person singular simple present analyses, present participle analysing, simple past and past participle analysed)
- To subject to analysis.
- To resolve (anything complex) into its elements.
- To separate into the constituent parts, for the purpose of an examination of each separately.
- To examine in such a manner as to ascertain the elements or nature of the thing examined; as, to analyse a fossil substance, to analyse a sentence or a word, or to analyse an action to ascertain its morality.
Back formation from analysis, from French analyser, from analyse, from Medieval Latin analysis, from Ancient Greek ἀνάλυσις (analusis, “a breaking up, a loosening, releasing”), from ἀναλύω (analuō, “to unloose, release, set free”), from ἀνά (ana, “on, up, above, throughout”) + λύσις (lusis, “a loosening”), from λύω (luō, “to unfasten”).