examine[eg zam′ən, ig-]
A scientist examines something under a microscope.
An example of examine is looking at an insect under a microscope.
transitive verbexamined, examining
- to look at or into critically or methodically in order to find out the facts, condition, etc. of; investigate; inspect; scrutinize; inquire into
- to test by carefully questioning in order to find out the knowledge, skill, qualifications, etc. of (a student, witness, job applicant, etc.)
Origin of examineMiddle English examinen ; from Old French examiner ; from Classical Latin examinare, to weigh, ponder, examine ; from examen, tongue of a balance, examination ; from ex-, out + base of agere, to lead, move: see act
transitive verbex·am·ined, ex·am·in·ing, ex·am·ines
- a. To observe carefully or critically; inspect: examined the room for clues.b. To study or analyze: examine a tissue sample under a microscope; examine the structure of a novel; examine one's own motives.
- To test or check the condition or health of: examine a patient.
- To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises: Students are examined with standardized tests.
- To question formally, as to elicit facts or information; interrogate: examine a witness under oath. See Synonyms at ask.
Origin of examineMiddle English examinen, from Old French examiner, from Latin exāmināre, from exāmen, a weighing out, from exigere, to weigh out; see exact.
(third-person singular simple present examines, present participle examining, simple past and past participle examined)
- To observe or inspect carefully or critically.
- He examined the crime scene for clues.
- She examined the hair sample under a microscope.
- To check the health or condition of something or someone.
- The doctor examined the patient.
- To determine the aptitude, skills or qualifications of someone by subjecting them to an examination.
- To interrogate.
- The witness was examined under oath.