A scientist examines something under a microscope.
An example of examine is looking at an insect under a microscope.
transitive verb-·ined, -·in·ing
- to look at or into critically or methodically in order to find out the facts, condition, etc. of; investigate; inspect; scrutinize; inquire into
- to test by carefully questioning in order to find out the knowledge, skill, qualifications, etc. of (a student, witness, job applicant, etc.)
Origin of examineMiddle English examinen from Old French examiner from Classical Latin examinare, to weigh, ponder, examine from examen, tongue of a balance, examination from ex-, out + base of agere, to lead, move: see act
transitive verbex·am·ined, ex·am·in·ing, ex·am·ines
- a. To observe carefully or critically; inspect: examined the room for clues.b. To study or analyze: examine a tissue sample under a microscope; examine the structure of a novel; examine one's own motives.
- To test or check the condition or health of: examine a patient.
- To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises: Students are examined with standardized tests.
- To question formally, as to elicit facts or information; interrogate: examine a witness under oath. See Synonyms at ask.
Origin of examineMiddle English examinen from Old French examiner from Latin exāmināre from exāmen a weighing out from exigere to weigh out ; see exact .
(third-person singular simple present examines, present participle examining, simple past and past participle examined)
- To observe or inspect carefully or critically.
- He examined the crime scene for clues.
- She examined the hair sample under a microscope.
- To check the health or condition of something or someone.
- The doctor examined the patient.
- To determine the aptitude, skills or qualifications of someone by subjecting them to an examination.
- To interrogate.
- The witness was examined under oath.