analysis[ə nal′ə sis]
Examining blood in a lab to discover all of its components is an example of analysis.
- a separating or breaking up of any whole into its parts, esp. with an examination of these parts to find out their nature, proportion, function, interrelationship, etc.
- any detailed examination
- a statement of the results of this process
- Linguis. the use of word order and uninflected function words rather than inflection to express syntactic relationships
- Math. a branch of mathematics, including calculus, that deals with functions and limits and their generalizations
- systems analysis
Origin of analysisMedieval Latin ; from Classical Greek a dissolving ; from ana-, up, throughout + lysis, a loosing ; from lyein, to loose: see lose
in the last analysisor in the final analysis
- a. The separation of an intellectual or material whole into its constituent parts for individual study.b. The study of such constituent parts and their interrelationships in making up a whole.c. A spoken or written presentation of such study: published an analysis of poetic meter.
- Chemistry a. The separation of a substance into its constituent elements to determine either their nature (qualitative analysis) or their proportions (quantitative analysis).b. The stated findings of such a separation or determination.
- Mathematics a. A branch of mathematics principally involving differential and integral calculus, sequences, and series and concerned with limits and convergence.b. The method of proof in which a known truth is sought as a consequence of a series of deductions from that which is the thing to be proved.
- Linguistics The use of function words such as prepositions, pronouns, or auxiliary verbs instead of inflectional endings to express a grammatical relationship; for example, the cover of the dictionary instead of the dictionary's cover.
- Systems analysis.
Origin of analysisMedieval Latin, from Greek analusis, a dissolving, from analūein, to undo : ana-, throughout; see ana– + lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.
(countable and uncountable, plural analyses)
- (countable) Decomposition into components in order to study (a complex thing, concept, theory...).
- (countable) The result of such a process.
- (uncountable, mathematics) The mathematical study of functions, sequences, series, limits, derivatives and integrals.
- (countable, logic) Proof by deduction from known truths.
- (countable, chemistry) The process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts, or the result of this process.
- (uncountable, music) The analytical study of melodies, harmonies, sequences, repetitions, variations, quotations, juxtapositions, and surprisees.
- (countable, psychology) Psychoanalysis.
From Medieval Latin analysis, from Ancient Greek ἀνάλυσις (analusis), from ἀναλύω (analuō, “I unravel, investigate”), from ἀνά (ana, “on, up”) + λύω (luō, “I loosen”).