noun

The definition of analysis is the process of breaking down a something into its parts to learn what they do and how they relate to one another.

Examining blood in a lab to discover all of its components is an example of analysis.

## analysis

noun

*pl.*-·ses·

- a separating or breaking up of any whole into its parts, esp. with an examination of these parts to find out their nature, proportion, function, interrelationship, etc.
- any detailed examination

- a statement of the results of this process
- psychoanalysis
- Linguis. the use of word order and uninflected function words rather than inflection to express syntactic relationships
- Math. a branch of mathematics, including calculus, that deals with functions and limits and their generalizations
- systems analysis

Origin of analysis

Medieval Latin from Gr, a dissolving from*ana-*, up, throughout +

*lysis*, a loosing from

*lyein*, to loose: see lose

**analysis Idioms**

in the last analysis

after all factors have been considered

## analysis

noun

*pl.*

**a·nal·y·ses,**

**a.**The separation of an intellectual or material whole into its constituent parts for individual study.**b.**The study of such constituent parts and their interrelationships in making up a whole.**c.**A spoken or written presentation of such study:*published an analysis of poetic meter.*-
*Chemistry***a.**The separation of a substance into its constituent elements to determine either their nature (qualitative analysis) or their proportions (quantitative analysis).**b.**The stated findings of such a separation or determination. -
*Mathematics***a.**A branch of mathematics principally involving differential and integral calculus, sequences, and series and concerned with limits and convergence.**b.**The method of proof in which a known truth is sought as a consequence of a series of deductions from that which is the thing to be proved. -
*Linguistics*The use of function words such as prepositions, pronouns, or auxiliary verbs instead of inflectional endings to express a grammatical relationship; for example,*the cover of the dictionary*instead of*the dictionary's cover.* - Psychoanalysis.
- Systems analysis.

Origin of analysis

Medieval Latin*from*Greek

*analusis*

*a dissolving*

*from*

*analūein*

*to undo*

*ana-*

*throughout*; see

**ana-**.

*lūein*

*to loosen*; see

*leu-*in Indo-European roots.

## analysis

Noun

(*countable and uncountable*, *plural* analyses)

- (countable) Decomposition into components in order to study (a complex thing, concept, theory...).
- (countable) The result of such a process.
- (uncountable, mathematics) The mathematical study of functions, sequences, series, limits, derivatives and integrals.
- (countable, logic) Proof by deduction from known truths.
- (countable, chemistry) The process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts, or the result of this process.
- (uncountable, music) The analytical study of melodies, harmonies, sequences, repetitions, variations, quotations, juxtapositions, and surprisees.
- (countable, psychology) Psychoanalysis.

Origin

From Medieval Latin *analysis*, from Ancient Greek *ἀνάλυσις* (analusis), from *ἀναλύω* (analuō, “I unravel, investigate”), from *ἀνά* (ana, “on, up”) + *λύω* (luō, “I loosen”).