analogy[ə nal′ə jē]
An analogy compares things that have differences and similarities.
- The definition of an analogy is a literal comparison between two things that have some features that are the same and others which are different.
A Model T Ford and a Volkswagen are both cars, have four wheels, and run on gasoline so comparing them would be an example of an analogy.
- similarity in some respects between things otherwise unlike; partial resemblance
- the likening of one thing to another on the basis of some similarity between the two
- Biol. similarity in function between parts dissimilar in origin and structure, as the wing of a bird and that of an insect
- Linguis. the process by which words, constructions, or pronunciations conform to the pattern of other, often unrelated, ones: “energize” is formed from “energy” by analogy with “apologize” from “apology”; Old English “handa” became “hands” on analogy with other plurals in -s
- Logic an inference from certain admitted resemblances between two or more things to a probable further similarity between them
Origin of analogyMiddle English and amp; Old French analogie ; from Classical Latin analogia ; from Classical Greek proportion ; from analogos, in due ratio ; from ana-, according to + logos, word, reckoning: see logic
- a. A similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar: sees an analogy between viral infection and the spread of ideas.b. A comparison based on such similarity: made an analogy between love and a fever.
- Biology Correspondence in function or position between organs of dissimilar evolutionary origin or structure.
- A form of reasoning based on the assumption that if two things are known to be alike in some respects, then they are probably alike in other respects.
- Linguistics The process by which words or morphemes are re-formed or created on the model of existing grammatical patterns in a language, often leading to greater regularity in paradigms, as evidenced by helped replacing holp and holpen as the past tense and past participle of help on the model of verbs such as yelp, yelped, yelped.
Origin of analogyMiddle English analogie, from Old French, from Latin analogia, from Greek analogiā, from analogos, proportionate; see analogous.
From Latin analogia, from Ancient Greek ἀναλογία (analogia), from ἀνά (ana) + λόγος (logos, “speech, reckoning”)