Melancholy meaning

mĕlən-kŏlē
Frequency:
Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom.
noun
33
3
Pensive reflection or contemplation.
noun
24
4
Sad and depressed; gloomy.
adjective
14
2
Pensive reflection or contemplation.
noun
12
3
Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom.
noun
11
3
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Affected with great sadness or depression.

Melancholy people don't talk much.

adjective
5
1
Feeling, showing, or expressing depression of the spirits; sad or dejected.
adjective
5
2
Sad, sober musing; pensiveness.
noun
4
0
Pensive; thoughtful.
adjective
3
5
Having the disorder of melancholy.
adjective
2
6
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The definition of melancholy is someone or something that is sad or gloomy.

An example of melancholy is someone crying from loss.

An example of melancholy is a dark, stormy and windy day.

adjective
1
2
Causing or tending to cause sadness or gloom.

A letter with some melancholy news.

adjective
1
2
(historical) Black bile, formerly thought to be one of the four "cardinal humours" of animal bodies.
noun
1
2
Great sadness or depression, especially of a thoughtful or introspective nature.

noun
1
2
Sadly or soberly musing; pensive.
adjective
0
1
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Feeling, showing, or expressing depression of the spirits; sad or dejected.
adjective
0
3

Origin of melancholy

  • Middle English melancolie from Old French from Late Latin melancholia from Greek melankholiā melās melan- black kholē bile ghel-2 in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Ancient Greek μελαγχολία (melancholia, “atrabiliousness"), from μέλας (melas), μελαν- (melan-, “black, dark, murky") + χολή (chole, “bile"). Compare the Latin ātra bÄ«lis (“black bile").

    From Wiktionary