Abate meaning

ə-bāt
To end, eliminate, do away with, or make null and void. To diminish, decrease, or lessen in degree or amount. The reduction of a bequest or devise made in a will because the combined value of all bequests and devises, and/or the debts owed by a testator, exceed the assets in the testator’s estate. The rebate or reduction of taxes already assessed and/or paid.
noun
14
8
To reduce in amount, size, or value. [First attested in 1325]

Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.

verb
6
5
To fall off in degree or intensity; subside.

Waiting for the rain to abate.

verb
3
2
(law) To nullify; make void. [First attested in the late 15th century.]

To abate a writ.

verb
2
5
(intransitive) To decrease in size, value, or amount. [First attested in 1325]
verb
2
5
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To make less in amount, degree, force, etc.
verb
1
2
To deduct.
verb
1
2
To put a stop to (a suit or action), end (a nuisance), etc.; terminate.
verb
1
2
To become less in amount, degree, force, etc.; diminish.
verb
1
2
(intransitive) To become null and void. [First attested in the late 15th century.]

The writ has abated.

verb
1
2
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To moderate; to lessen in force, intensity, to subside. [First attested from around (1150 to 1350).]
verb
1
2
(intransitive) To decrease in intensity or force; to subside. [First attested from around (1150 to 1350).]
verb
1
2
To deduct or omit. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]

We will abate this price from the total.

verb
1
2
To bar or except. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
verb
1
2
To cut away or hammer down, in such a way as to leave a figure in relief, as a sculpture, or in metalwork.
verb
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2
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(archaic) To destroy, or level to the ground. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
verb
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2
(intransitive, law) To enter a tenement without permission after the owner has died and before the heir takes possession. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
verb
1
2
An Italian abbot, or other member of the clergy. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
noun
1
2
The definition of abate means to become less or lower in amount or force than at a prior time.

An example of abate is when a hurricane becomes a tropical storm.

verb
1
3
To reduce in amount, degree, or intensity; lessen.

A program to abate air pollution.

verb
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3
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(obsolete) Abatement. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 17th century.]
noun
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3

Origin of abate

  • Middle English abaten from Old French abattre to beat down a- to (from Latin ad- ad–) batre to beat batter1

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English abaten, from Old French abatre (“to beat down”) (possibly via Middle French), from Late Latin abbatto, from ab- (“away”) + batto, from Latin battuere (“to beat”). Cognate to modern French abattre.

    From Wiktionary

  • From Italian abate, from Latin abbās, abbātis, from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbas), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, “father”).

    From Wiktionary

  • From Anglo-Norman abatre, an alteration of enbatre, from Old French en + batre (“to beat”).

    From Wiktionary