Aramaic Definition

ărə-māĭk
noun
A Semitic language originally of the ancient Arameans but widely used by non-Aramean peoples throughout southwest Asia.
American Heritage
A Northwest Semitic language that was the lingua franca throughout the Near East from c. 300 b.c. to c. a.d. 650: it replaced Hebrew as the language of the Jews, and one of its dialects was spoken by Jesus and his disciples.
Webster's New World
Synonyms:
  • Aramaic script
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pronoun

A subfamily of languages in the Northwest Semitic language group including (but not limited to).

The language of the Aramaeans from the tenth century BC: often called Old Aramaic.
The language of the administration in the Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian empires from the seventh to fourth centuries BC: often called Imperial Aramaic or Official Aramaic.
The language of portions of the Hebrew Bible, mainly the books of Ezra and Daniel: often called Biblical Aramaic.
The language of Jesus of Nazareth: a form of Galilean Aramaic.
The language of Jewish targums, Midrash and the Talmuds.
The liturgical language of various Christian churches: often called Syriac.
The liturgical language of the Mandaeans: usually called Mandaic.
Wiktionary
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adjective

Referring to the Aramaic language, alphabet, culture or poetry.

Wiktionary
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Origin of Aramaic

  • From Aram, the place settled by Aramaeans; from the Aramaic ארם or ܐܪܡ (ʾarām).

    From Wiktionary

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