- a group of persons, animals, or, formerly, things; herd, flock, band, etc.
- loosely a great number; lot
- a body of soldiers
- soldiers: sometimes used, in the sing., of a single soldier: 20 troops were wounded; a troop arrested for being AWOL
- a subdivision of a mounted cavalry regiment
- an armored cavalry unit that corresponds to a company of infantry
- a unit of Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts under an adult leader
- Archaic a group of actors; troupe
Origin of troopFrench troupe ; from OFr, back-formation ; from troupeau ; from Medieval Latin troppus, a flock ; from Frankish an unverified form throp, a crowd; akin to Old English thorp, village: see thorp
- to gather or go together in a throng: the crowd trooped out of the stadium
- to walk, go, or pass at a slow, deliberate pace: children were trooping along the sidewalk
- Archaic to associate or consort
troop the colors
- a. A group of soldiers.b. troops Military units; soldiers.c. A unit of cavalry, armored vehicles, or artillery in a European army, corresponding to a platoon in the US Army.
- A unit of at least five Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts under the guidance of an adult leader.
- A group or company of people, animals, or things.
intransitive verbtrooped, troop·ing, troops
Origin of troopFrench troupe, from Old French trope, probably from Vulgar Latin *troppu-.
- A collection of people; a company; a number; a multitude.
- (military) A small unit of cavalry or armour commanded by a captain, corresponding to a platoon or company of infantry.
- A detachment of soldiers or police, especially horse artillery, armour, or state troopers.
- Soldiers, military forces (usually "troops").
- (nonstandard) A company of stageplayers; a troupe.
- A particular roll of the drum; a quick march.
- A unit of girl or boy scouts.
- (mycology) Mushrooms that are in a close group but not close enough to be called a cluster.
(third-person singular simple present troops, present participle trooping, simple past and past participle trooped)
- To move in numbers; to come or gather in crowds or troops.
- To march on; to go forward in haste.
- To move or march as if in a crowd.
- The children trooped into the room.
Attested in English since 1545, from French troupe (back-formation of troupeau, diminutive of Medieval Latin troppus "flock") and Middle French trouppe (from Old French trope (“band, company, troop")), both of Germanic origin from Frankish *thorp (“assembly, gathering"), from Proto-Germanic *Ã¾urpÄ… (“village, land, estate"), from Proto-Germanic *treb- (“dwelling, settlement"). Akin to Old English Ã¾orp, Ã¾rop (“village, farm, estate") (Modern English thorp), Old Frisian Ã¾orp, Old Norse Ã¾orp. More at thorp.