predicate[pred′i kāt′; for n. & adj., -kit]
- Predicate is a grammar term used to describe the part of the sentence which talks about the subject and which has a verb.
An example of predicate is "ate lunch" in the sentence "Mary ate lunch."
- To predicate is to agree that something is a quality or property of someone.
An example of predicate is to confirm the kindness of someone who has recently made a large contribution to a charity.
transitive verbpredicated, predicating
- Obsolete to proclaim; preach; declare; affirm
- to affirm as a quality, attribute, or property of a person or thing: to predicate the honesty of another's motives
- Logic to assert (something) about the subject of a proposition
- to affirm or base (something) on or upon given facts, arguments, conditions, etc.
- to imply or connote
Origin of predicateClassical Latin praedicatus, past participle of praedicare: see preach
- Gram. the verb or verbal phrase, including any complements, objects, and modifiers, that is one of the two immediate constituents of a sentence and asserts something about the subject
- Logic something that is affirmed or denied about the subject of a proposition (Ex.: green in “grass is green”)
Origin of predicateML praedicatum, neut. of praedicatus: see predicatethe
verbpred·i·cat·ed, pred·i·cat·ing, pred·i·cates
- To base or establish (a statement or action, for example): I predicated my argument on the facts.
- To state or affirm as an attribute or quality of something: The sermon predicated the perfectibility of humankind.
- To carry the connotation of; imply.
- Logic To make (a term or expression) the predicate of a proposition.
- To proclaim or assert; declare.
- Grammar One of the two main constituents of a sentence or clause, modifying the subject and including the verb, objects, or phrases governed by the verb, as opened the door in Jane opened the door or is very sleepy in The child is very sleepy.
- Logic That part of a proposition that is affirmed or denied about the subject. For example, in the proposition We are mortal, mortal is the predicate.
- Grammar Of or belonging to the predicate of a sentence or clause.
- Stated or asserted; predicated.
Origin of predicateLate Latin praedicāre, praedicāt-, from Latin, to proclaim : prae-, pre- + dicāre, to proclaim; see deik- in Indo-European roots.
- (grammar) The part of the sentence (clause) which states something about the subject or the object of the sentence.
- In "The dog barked very loudly", the subject is "the dog" and the predicate is "barked very loudly".
- (logic) A term of a statement, where the statement may be true or false depending on whether the thing referred to by the values of the statement's variables has the property signified by that (predicative) term.
- A nullary predicate is a proposition. Also, an instance of a predicate whose terms are all constant — e.g., P(2,3) — acts as a proposition.
- A predicate can be thought of as either a relation (between elements of the domain of discourse) or as a truth-valued function (of said elements).
- A predicate is either valid, satisfiable, or unsatisfiable.
- There are two ways of binding a predicate's variables: one is to assign constant values to those variables, the other is to quantify over those variables (using universal or existential quantifiers). If all of a predicate's variables are bound, the resulting formula is a proposition.
- (computing) An operator or function that returns either true or false.
From Middle French predicate (French prédicat), from post-classical Late Latin praedicatum (“thing said of a subject”), a noun use of the neuter past participle of praedicare (“proclaim”), as Etymology 2, below.
(third-person singular simple present predicates, present participle predicating, simple past and past participle predicated)
- To announce or assert publicly.
- (logic) To state, assert.
- To suppose, assume; to infer.
- 1859: There was a character about Madame Defarge, from which one might have predicated that she did not often make mistakes against herself in any of the reckonings over which she presided. — Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities
- 1881: Of anyone else it would have been said that she must be finding the afternoon rather dreary in the quaint halls not of her forefathers: but of Miss Power it was unsafe to predicate so surely. — Thomas Hardy, A Laodicean
- (originally US) To base (on); to assert on the grounds of.
- 1978: the law is what constitutes both desire and the lack on which it is predicated. — Michel Foucault, The Will to Knowledge, trans. Robert Hurley (Penguin 1998, p. 81)
From Latin predicātus, perfect passive participle of praedicō, from prae + dicō (“declare, proclaim”), from dicō (“say, tell”).
predicate - Computer Definition
In programming, a statement that evaluates an expression and provides a true or false answer based on the condition of the data.