To show proof of one's age and date of birth for the purchase of alcohol is an example of to affirm.
- to say positively; declare firmly; assert to be true
- to make valid; confirm; uphold; ratify (a law, decision, or judgment)
Origin of affirmMiddle English affermen ; from Old French affermer ; from Classical Latin affirmare, to present as fixed ; from ad-, to + firmare, to make firm ; from firmus: see firm
verbaf·firmed, af·firm·ing, af·firms
- To declare positively; assert to be true: a philosopher affirming the existence of free will; a document affirming that each student has completed the course.
- To declare support for or belief in: affirm the right to self-determination.
- Law To rule (a court decision) to have been correct; confirm: The Supreme Court affirmed the lower court's decision.
verb, intransitive Law
Origin of affirmMiddle English affermen, from Old French afermer, from Latin affirmare : ad-, ad- + firmare, to strengthen (from firmus, strong; see dher- in Indo-European roots).
- To agree, verify or concur; to answer positively.
- She affirmed that she would go when I asked her.
- To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true.
- To support or encourage.
- They did everything they could to affirm the children's self-confidence.
- To make firm; to confirm, or ratify; especially (law) to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appelate court for review.
affirm - Legal Definition
- To confirm, ratify, or otherwise approve a lower court’s decision on appeal.
- To solemnly declare that certain statements are true or that one will testify truthfully.
- To make a solemn promise. See also oath.