- An example of lose is to misplace your car keys.
- An example of lose is to play in a soccer game and score the least amount of points.
transitive verblost, los′ing
- to bring to ruin or destruction: a ship lost in the storm
- Theol. to incur the damnation of: to lose one's soul
- to become unable to find; mislay: to lose one's keys
- to have taken from one by negligence, accident, death, removal, separation, etc.; suffer the loss of; be deprived of
- to suffer the miscarriage or stillbirth of (a baby)
- to get rid of (something undesirable): to lose unwanted weight
- to fail to keep or maintain: to lose one's temper, to lose speed
- to fail to see, hear, or understand: she did not lose a word of his speech
- to fail to keep in sight, mind, or existence
- to fail to have, get, take advantage of, etc.; miss: to lose one's chance
- to fail to win or gain: to lose a game
- to cause the loss of: it lost him his job
- to cause to go astray, become bewildered, etc.
- to wander from and not be able to find (one's way, the right track, etc.)
- to fail or be unable to make proper use of; waste: to lose time
- to leave behind; outdistance
- to engross or preoccupy: usually in the passive: to be lost in reverie
- to go slower by: a watch that loses two minutes a day
Origin of loseMiddle English losen, lesen, merging Old English losian, to lose, be lost ( from los, loss) + leosan, to lose, akin to Old High German (vir)liosan, Gothic (fra)liusan from Indo-European base an unverified form leu-, to cut off, separate from source Classical Greek lyein, to dissolve; Classical Latin luere, to loose, release (from debt)
- to undergo or suffer loss
- to be defeated in a contest, etc.
- to be slow: said of a clock, etc.
- to fail to maintain one's composure, as by an outburst of anger, laughter, etc.
- to suffer temporary or permanent diminution of one's ability, skill, etc.: the pitcher lost it in the sixth inning
- to lose one's way; go astray; become bewildered
- to become absorbed: to lose oneself in a good novel
- to disappear from view or notice
lose out on
verblost, los·ing, los·es
- To be unsuccessful in retaining possession of; mislay: He's always losing his car keys.
- a. To be deprived of (something one has had): lost her art collection in the fire; lost her job.b. To be left alone or desolate because of the death of: lost his wife.c. To be unable to keep alive: a doctor who has lost very few patients.
- To be unable to keep control or allegiance of: lost his temper at the meeting; is losing supporters by changing his mind.
- To fail to win; fail in: lost the game; lost the court case.
- To fail to use or take advantage of: Don't lose a chance to improve your position.
- To fail to hear, see, or understand: We lost the plane in the fog. I lost her when she started speaking about thermodynamics.
- a. To let (oneself) become unable to find the way.b. To remove (oneself), as from everyday reality into a fantasy world.
- To rid oneself of: lost five pounds.
- To consume aimlessly; waste: lost a week in idle occupations.
- To wander from or become ignorant of: lose one's way.
- a. To elude or outdistance: lost their pursuers.b. To be outdistanced by: chased the thieves but lost them.
- To become slow by (a specified amount of time). Used of a timepiece.
- To cause or result in the loss of: Failure to reply to the advertisement lost her the job.
- To cause to be destroyed. Usually used in the passive: Both planes were lost in the crash.
- To cause to be damned.
- To suffer loss: investors who lost heavily on the firm's stock.
- To be defeated: Our team lost in overtime.
- To operate or run slow. Used of a timepiece.
Origin of loseMiddle English losen from Old English losian to perish from los loss ; see leu- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present loses, present participle losing, simple past and past participle lost)
- To cause (something) to cease to be in one's possession or capability due to unfortunate or unknown circumstances, events or reasons.
- If you lose that ten-pound note, you'll be sorry.
- He lost his hearing in the explosion.
- She lost her position when the company was taken over.
- To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to find; to go astray from.
- I lost my way in the forest.
- To have (an organ) removed from one's body, especially by accident.
- Johnny lost a tooth, but kept it for the tooth fairy.
- He lost his spleen in a car wreck.
- To fail to win (a game, competition, trial, etc).
- We lost the football match.
- To shed (weight).
- I've lost five pounds this week.
- To experience the death of (someone to whom one has an attachment, such as a relative or friend).
- She lost all her sons in the war.
- To be unable to follow or trace (somebody or something) any longer.
- The policeman lost the robber he was chasing.
- Mission control lost the satellite as its signal died down.
- To cause (somebody) to be unable to follow or trace one any longer.
- We managed to lose our pursuers in the forest.
- (informal) To shed, remove, discard, or eliminate.
- When we get into the building, please lose the hat.
- Of a clock, to run slower than expected.
- My watch loses five minutes a week.
- It's already 5:30? My watch must have lost a few minutes.
- To cause (someone) the loss of something; to deprive of.
- To fail to catch with the mind or senses; to miss.
- I lost a part of what he said.
- (archaic) To cause to part with; to deprive of.
- Do not confuse lose with loose.
From Middle English losen, from Old English losian.