transitive verblost, los′ing
- to bring to ruin or destruction: a ship lost in the storm
- Theol. to incur the damnation of: to lose one's soul
- to become unable to find; mislay: to lose one's keys
- to have taken from one by negligence, accident, death, removal, separation, etc.; suffer the loss of; be deprived of
- to suffer the miscarriage or stillbirth of (a baby)
- to get rid of (something undesirable): to lose unwanted weight
- to fail to keep or maintain: to lose one's temper, to lose speed
- to fail to see, hear, or understand: she did not lose a word of his speech
- to fail to keep in sight, mind, or existence
- to fail to have, get, take advantage of, etc.; miss: to lose one's chance
- to fail to win or gain: to lose a game
- to cause the loss of: it lost him his job
- to cause to go astray, become bewildered, etc.
- to wander from and not be able to find (one's way, the right track, etc.)
- to fail or be unable to make proper use of; waste: to lose time
- to leave behind; outdistance
- to engross or preoccupy: usually in the passive: to be lost in reverie
- to go slower by: a watch that loses two minutes a day
Origin of loseMiddle English losen, lesen, merging Old English losian, to lose, be lost ( from los, loss) + leosan, to lose, akin to Old High German (vir)liosan, Gothic (fra)liusan from Indo-European base an unverified form leu-, to cut off, separate from source Classical Greek lyein, to dissolve; Classical Latin luere, to loose, release (from debt)
- to undergo or suffer loss
- to be defeated in a contest, etc.
- to be slow: said of a clock, etc.
- to fail to maintain one's composure, as by an outburst of anger, laughter, etc.
- to suffer temporary or permanent diminution of one's ability, skill, etc.: the pitcher lost it in the sixth inning
- to lose one's way; go astray; become bewildered
- to become absorbed: to lose oneself in a good novel
- to disappear from view or notice
lose out on