- to work hard and continuously; labor
- to proceed laboriously; advance or move with painful effort or difficulty: to toil up a mountain
Origin of toilMiddle English toilen from Anglo-French toiler, to strive, dispute from Old French toeillier, to pull about, begrime from Classical Latin tudiculare, to stir about from tudicula, small machine for bruising olives from tudes, mallet from base of tundere, to beat from Indo-European base an unverified form (s)teu- from source stock, stub
- Archaic contention; struggle; strife
- hard, exhausting work or effort; tiring labor
- a task performed by such effort
Origin of toilME toile < Anglo-Fr toil < OFr toeil, turmoil, struggle < the v.