Origin of Loot
From Middle Dutch loet, loete ("scoop, shovel, scraper"; > Modern Dutch loet), from Old Dutch *lōta, from Old Frankish *lōtija (“scoop, ladle"), from Proto-Germanic *hlōþþijō (“ladle"), from Proto-Indo-European *klehâ‚‚- (“to lay down, deposit, overlay"), from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (“to push, propel, drive"). Cognate with Scots lute, luyt (“scoop, ladle"), West Frisian loete, lete, Middle Low German lōte (“rake"), French louche ("ladle"; < Germanic). Related to lade, ladle.
Attested 1788, a loan from Hindustani लूट/لوٹ (lÅ«á¹, “spoil, booty"), from Sanskrit लुण्ट (luṇṭ, “to rob, plunder"). The verb is from 1842. Fallows (1885) records both the noun and the verb as "Recent. Anglo-Indian".
In origin only applicable to plundering in warfare. A figurative meaning developed in American English in the 1920s, resulting in a generalized meaning by the 1950s
Hindi lūṭ from Sanskrit loptram, lotram plunder reup- in Indo-European roots
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
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