Spoil meaning

spoil
The definition of spoil is to destroy something, to diminish the character of something, to overindulge someone, or to go bad and become unusable or inedible.

An example of spoil is when you ruin someone's cake.

An example of spoil is when you prevent someone from having a good time.

An example of spoil is when you over indulge a child, especially to the point that the child's character is weakened and he becomes a brat.

An example of spoil is when food goes rotten.

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Refuse material removed from an excavation.
noun
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(archaic) The act of plundering; spoliation.
noun
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To harm the character of (a child) by overindulgence or leniency.
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To become unfit for use or consumption, as from decay. Used especially of perishables, such as food.
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An object of plunder; prey.
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To damage or injure in such a way as to make useless, valueless, etc.; destroy.
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To mar or impair the enjoyment, quality, or functioning of.

Rain spoiled the picnic.

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To overindulge so as to cause to demand or expect too much.
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To be damaged or injured in such a way as to become useless, valueless, etc.; specif., to decay, as food.
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(archaic) To pillage; plunder.
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An object of plunder; prey.
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Waste material removed in making excavations, etc.
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(archaic) The act of plundering; spoliation.
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(obs.) Damage; impairment.
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(archaic) To strip (someone who has been killed or defeated) of their arms or armour. [from 14th c.]
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(archaic) To strip or deprive (someone) of their possessions; to rob, despoil. [from 14th c.]
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(intransitive, archaic) To plunder, pillage (a city, country etc.). [from 14th c.]
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To ruin; to damage (something) in some way making it unfit for use. [from 16th c.]
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To ruin the character of, by overindulgence; to coddle or pamper to excess. [from 17th c.]
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(intransitive) Of food, to become bad, sour or rancid; to decay. [from 17th c.]

Make sure you put the milk back in the fridge, otherwise it will spoil.

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To render (a ballot paper) invalid by deliberately defacing it. [from 19th c.]
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To reveal the ending of (a story etc.); to ruin (a surprise) by exposing it ahead of time.
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(Also in plural: spoils) Plunder taken from an enemy or victim.
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(uncountable) Material (such as rock or earth) removed in the course of an excavation, or in mining or dredging. Tailings.
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To impair or destroy the value or quality of; ruin.

Spoiled the dish by adding too much salt; spoiled the party by getting into an argument.

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be spoiling for a fight
  • to be aggressively eager for a fight or confrontation
idiom
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Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

be spoiling for a fight

Origin of spoil

  • Middle English spoilen to plunder from Old French espoillier from Latin spoliāre from spolium booty

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Old French espoillier, from Latin spoliāre, present active infinitive of spoliō (“pillage, ruin, spoil").

    From Wiktionary