Something seized by force or taken as booty, especially an enemy ship and its cargo captured at sea during wartime.
Origin of prize Alteration of
Middle English prise from
Old French from feminine past participle of prendre from
Latin prehendere, prēndere to seize
; see ghend-
in Indo-European roots.
transitive verbprized, priz·ing, priz·es,
also prised pris·ing pris·es
To move or force with a lever; pry: prized open the antique chest.
Chiefly Southern US Something used as a lever or for prying.
Origin of prize From
Middle English prise instrument for prying probably from prise the taking of something
; see prize 2
- That which is taken from another; something captured; a thing seized by force, stratagem, or superior power.
- (military, nautical) Anything captured by a belligerent using the rights of war; especially, property captured at sea in virtue of the rights of war, as a vessel.
- An honour or reward striven for in a competitive contest; anything offered to be competed for, or as an inducement to, or reward of, effort.
- That which may be won by chance, as in a lottery.
- Anything worth striving for; a valuable possession held or in prospect.
- A contest for a reward; competition.
- A lever; a pry; also, the hold of a lever. Also spelled prise.
Do not confuse with price.
From Middle English prise, from Old French prise (“a taking, capture, a seizure, a thing seized, a prize, booty, also hold, purchase"), from French prise, from pris, past participle of prendre (“to take, to capture"), from Latin prendere (“to take, seize"); see prehend. Compare prison, apprise, comprise, enterprise, purprise, reprisal, suprise, etc.
(third-person singular simple present prizes, present participle prizing, simple past and past participle prized)
- To consider highly valuable; to esteem.
- I prize it [life] not a straw, but for mine honour.
- To move with a lever; to force up or open; to prise or pry.
From Middle English prysen, from Old French priser (“to set a price or value on, esteem, value"), from pris (“price"), from Latin pretium (“price, value"); see price. Compare praise, appraise, apprize.