Robert Frost’s Poems and Unique Writing Style

, Staff Editor
Updated June 19, 2020
poem Robert Frost After Apple-Picking
    poem Robert Frost After Apple-Picking
    Anna Kern / Getty

Despite rejections by many American publishers when he was in his 20s, Robert Frost persevered to become arguably the most famous poet of the 20th century. Learn more about Robert Frost’s unique writing style to understand what his poetry is about.

Robert Frost’s Writing Style

Summing up a poet’s entire body of work in a few words is challenging. However, what makes a noted poet like Robert Frost stand out is his typical style and form. Robert Frost’s poetry style could be described as conversational, realistic, rural, and introspective.

Types of Poetry Written by Robert Frost

Frost wanted to be different, but he also valued the use of traditional stanzas and metrical lines. He wrote various types of poetry, but he seemed to particularly like a quatrain with simple rhymes like abab and abcb.

He rarely wrote in free verse, but was known to write a lot in blank verse. Frost wrote short poems and long poems, some long enough to take up several pages in a book.


Themes of Robert Frost Poems

Robert Frost used a lot of metaphors in his poetry. Although he covers many subjects and themes, the core themes of Robert Frost poems narrow down to nature and humanity.

  • Everyday life
  • Human contact with the natural world
  • Human love
  • Isolation
  • Life’s struggles
  • Mortality
  • Nature
  • New England
  • Rural life
  • Self-realization
  • Simultaneous validity of opposing ideas

Poems Written by Robert Frost

The exact number of poems written or published by Robert Frost isn’t easy to find. If you look only at the poems published in his books, or collections, you’ll find over 250 poems.

Robert Frost’s Most Famous Poems

“My Butterfly: An Elegy” was Frost’s first published poem, and it was published in 1898. Two years before his death in 1963, Frost read his poem “The Gift Outright” at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy (JFK).

Other famous Robert Frost poems include:

  • “Acquainted With the Night”
  • “After Apple-Picking”
  • “Birches”
  • “Desert Places”
  • “Fire and Ice”
  • “Home Burial”
  • “Mending Wall”
  • “Nothing Gold Can Stay”
  • “Out, Out”
  • “The Death of the Hired Man”
  • “The Road Not Taken”
  • “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”

Robert Frost’s Notable Poetry Books

Robert Frost’s poetry was often published in collections, or books. Four of his poetry collection books won him Pulitzer Prizes.

  • A Boy’s Will (1913) - his first published book of poetry
  • A Further Range (1936) - won Frost’s third Pulitzer Prize for poetry
  • A Witness Tree (1942) - won Frost’s fourth Pulitzer Prize for poetry
  • Collected Poems (1930) - won Frost’s second Pulitzer Prize for poetry
  • In the Clearing (1962) - contains the original poem Frost meant to read at JFK’s inauguration
  • New Hampshire (1923) - won Frost’s first Pulitzer Prize for poetry
  • North of Boston (1914) - includes the popular poem “Mending Wall”
  • Mountain Interval (1916) - his third book, who’s popularity cemented Frost as a notable poet
  • Steeple Bush (1947) - one of his shorter collections
  • West Running Brook (1928) - includes many rhyming, lighter poems

A Great American Poet

Robert Frost is considered a great American poet because he captured the language, people, and landscape of the region of America known as New England. Explore other great poets by learning about different poetry genres and the authors who best exemplify each.