(countable and uncountable, plural sugars)
- (uncountable) Sucrose in the form of small crystals, obtained from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink.
- (countable) When used to sweeten a drink, an amount of this substance approximately equal to five grams or one teaspoon.
- He usually has his coffee white with one sugar.
- (countable, chemistry) Any of various small carbohydrates that are used by organisms to store energy.
- (countable) A generic term for sucrose, glucose, fructose, etc.
- (countable) A term of endearment.
- I'll be with you in a moment, sugar.
- (countable, slang) A kiss.
- (chiefly southern US, slang, uncountable) Effeminacy in a male, often implying homosexuality.
- I think John has a little bit of sugar in him.
- (uncountable, informal) Diabetes.
- (by extension) Anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance.
- Sugar of lead (lead acetate) is a poisonous white crystalline substance with a sweet taste.
- Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.
(third-person singular simple present sugars, present participle sugaring, simple past and past participle sugared)
- To add sugar to; to sweeten with sugar.
- John heavily sugars his coffee.
- To make (something unpleasant) seem less so.
- She has a gift for sugaring what would otherwise be harsh words.
- (US, regional) In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the syrup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; with the preposition off.
From later Old French Ã§ucre (circa 13th cent), from Medieval Latin zuccarum, from Old Italian zucchero, from Arabic Ø³ÙÙƒÙ‘Ø± (sÃºkkar), from Persian Ø´Ú©Ø± (Å¡akar), from Sanskrit à¤¶à¤°à¥à¤•à¤°à¤¾ (Å›Ã¡rkarÄ, “ground or candied sugar", originally "grit, gravel"), from Proto-Indo-European *á¸±orkeh- (“gravel, boulder"), akin to Ancient Greek ÎºÏÏŒÎºÎ· (krÃ³kÄ“, “pebble").