Ketchup meaning

kătsəp, kăchəp, kĕch-
A condiment consisting of a thick, smooth-textured, spicy sauce usually made from tomatoes.
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A sauce for meat, fish, etc.; esp., a thick sauce (tomato ketchup) made of tomatoes flavored with onion, salt, sugar, etc.
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(uncountable) A tomato-vinegar based sauce.
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(countable) Such a sauce more generally (not necessarily based on tomatoes), or a specific brand or kind of such sauce – .

Fish ketchup; fruit ketchup; mushroom ketchup.

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Origin of ketchup

  • Malay kicap sauce made from fermented fish from Chinese (Hokkien) kê-chiap pickled fish (from Middle Chinese xjfijaːj) (also the source of Mandarin xié) chiap juice, sauce, brine (from Middle Chinese xjfijaːj) (also the source of Mandarin zhī)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Most likely from Malay kicap, from Chinese Min Nan 鮭汁 (kê-chiap, “brine of fish (namely salmon)”), though precise path is unclear – there are related words in various Chinese dialects, and it may have entered English directly from Chinese. Cognate to Indonesian kecap, ketjap (“soy sauce”). Various other theories exist – see Ketchup: Terminology for extended discussion.

    From Wiktionary

  • 1711, following earlier catchup (1690), of disputed origin. Originally referred to a sauce from South/Southeast/East Asia – 1690: East Indies (region generally); 1711: Tonkin (northern Vietnam) and China.

    From Wiktionary

  • Catsup (earlier catchup) is an alternative Anglicization, still in use in U.S.

    From Wiktionary