An illustration of a ruptured sinew (tendon) of the bicep.
An example of sinew is the Achilles tendon in the back of the ankle.
- a tendon
- muscular power; strength
- any source of power or strength; means of supplying strength: usually used in pl.
Origin of sinewMiddle English from Old English seonwe, oblique form from nominative seonu, akin to Old High German senawa, Old Norse sin from Indo-European base an unverified form s?i-, to bind, a band from source Classical Latin saeta, bristle, Sanskrit sin?ti, (he) ties
- A tendon.
- Vigorous strength; muscular power.
- often sinews The source or mainstay of vitality and strength: “Good company and good discourse are the very sinews of virtue” ( Izaak Walton )
transitive verbsin·ewed, sin·ew·ing, sin·ews
Origin of sinewMiddle English sinewe from Old English sinewe oblique form of seonu, sinu
- (anatomy) A cord or tendon of the body.
- (figuratively) Muscle; nerve; nervous energy; vigor; vigorous strength; muscular power.
- A string or chord, as of a musical instrument.
- (figuratively) That which gives strength or in which strength consists; a supporting member or factor; mainstay; source of strength (often plural).
(third-person singular simple present sinews, present participle sinewing, simple past and past participle sinewed)
From Middle English sinewe, synow, sinue, from Old English sinu, synu, senu, seono, seonu (“sinew, nerve, tendon"), from Proto-Germanic *sinwÅ, *senawÅ (“sinew"), from Proto-Indo-European *senew-, *snÄ“w- (“tendon"), from Proto-Indo-European *sey- (“to bind, knit, tie together, tie to, connect"). Cognate with Scots senon, sinnon, sinnow (“sinew"), Saterland Frisian Siene (“sinew"), West Frisian senuw, sine (“nerve, sinew"), Dutch zenuw (“nerve, sinew"), German Sehne (“tendon, cord, sinew"), Swedish sena (“sinew"), Icelandic sin (“tendon"), Latin nervus (“sinew, nerve, tendon"), Ancient Greek Î½Îµá¿¦ÏÎ¿Î½ (neÅ©ron, “tendon, cord, nerve"), Avestan [script?] (snÄvar-, “tendon, sinew"), Sanskrit [script?] (snÄvan-, snÄvÃ¡n-, “tendon, muscle, sinew"), Tocharian B á¹£Ã±or.