A medieval castle under siege by the enemy.
- An example of a siege is when the police surround a building occupied with armed robbers and try to get the robbers to surrender.
- An example of a siege is a long string of illnesses.
- the encirclement of a fortified place by an opposing armed force intending to take it, usually by blockade and bombardment
- any persistent attempt to gain control, overcome opposition, etc.
- a long, distressing or wearying period: a siege of illness
Origin of siegeME sege < OFr < VL *sedicum < *sedicare, to set < L sedere, to sitObs. a seat; throne
Origin of siegeMiddle English sege from Old French siege, aphetic from an unverified form assiege from Vulgar Latin an unverified form absedium, for Classical Latin obsidium, siege, blockade, ambush from obsidere, to besiege from ob-, against + sedere, to sit
transitive verbsieged, sieg′ing
lay siege to
- The surrounding and blockading of a city, town, or fortress by an army attempting to capture it.
- A prolonged period, as of illness: a siege of asthma.
- Obsolete A seat, especially a throne.
transitive verbsieged, sieg·ing, sieg·es
Origin of siegeMiddle English sege from Old French seat from Vulgar Latin sedicum from sedicāre to sit from Latin sedēre ; see sed- in Indo-European roots.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.vii:
- To th'vpper part, where was aduaunced hye / A stately siege of soueraigne maiestye; / And thereon sat a woman gorgeous gay [...].
- The seat of a heron while looking out for prey; a flock of heron.
(third-person singular simple present sieges, present participle sieging, simple past and past participle sieged)