- Scrutiny is a careful watch or close examination.
An example of scrutiny is a father asking a ton of questions to the date his daughter brought home.
- close examination; minute inspection
- a careful, continuous watch; surveillance
- a lengthy, searching look
Origin of scrutinyLate Latin scrutinium ; from Classical Latin scrutari, to examine carefully, rummage through odds and ends ; from scruta, trash, probably altered ; from Classical Greek grutē, a miscellany, woman's vanity bag: for probably Indo-European base see crumb
Origin of scrutinyMiddle English scrutinie, taking of a formal vote, from Latin scrūtinium, inquiry, search, from scrūtārī, to search, examine, from scrūta, trash.
- Intense study of someone or something.
- Thorough inspection of a situation or a case.
- An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent, who were to receive baptism on Easter Day.
- A ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is written.
- An examination by a committee of the votes given at an election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.
(third-person singular simple present scrutinies, present participle scrutinying, simple past and past participle scrutinied)
- (obsolete, rare) To scrutinize.
From Middle English scrutiny, from Medieval Latin scrūtinium (“a search, an inquiry”), from Vulgar Latin scrūtārī (“to search or examine thoroughly”), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Late Latin scrūta (“rubbish, broken trash”); or of Germanic origin, related to Old English scrūtnung (“examination, investigation, inquiry, search”), from Old English scrūtnian, scrūdnian (“to examine carefully, scrutinize, consider, investigate”), from Proto-Germanic *skrudōną, *skruþōną (“to search, examine”), from Proto-Germanic *skrud-, *skruþ- (“to cut”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreut- (“to cut”). Compare Old High German skrodōn, scrutōn, scrutilōn (“to research, explore”), Old High German scrod (“a search, scrutiny”), Gothic [script?] (andhruskan, “to investigate, explore”), Old English scrēadian (“to shred, cut up, cut off, peel, pare, prune”). More at shred.