- The definition of a case is a holder for something or an instance of something happening.
- An example of a case is a piece of luggage.
- An example of a case is a medical condition such as a case of chickenpox.
- An example of a case are the facts in a legal action.
An empty brown case.
case definition by Webster's New World
- an example, instance, or occurrence: a case of carelessness, a case of measles
- a person being treated or helped, as by a doctor or social worker
- any individual or matter requiring or undergoing official or formal observation, study, investigation, etc.
- a statement of the facts or circumstances, as in a law court, esp. the argument of one side: the case for the defendant
- supporting or convincing arguments or evidence; proper grounds for a statement or action: he has no case
- a legal action or suit, esp. one studied or cited as a precedent
- ☆ Informal a peculiar or eccentric person
- ☆ Informal an infatuation; crush
Origin: so named because L cases were thought of as “falling away” from the nom.: see accidenceGram.
- the syntactic relationship shown in highly inflected languages such as German and Latin by changes in the form of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives
- the form that a noun, pronoun, or adjective takes to show such relationship
- any of the sets of such forms: the accusative case
- in Modern English and other languages with relatively few inflections, such a relationship, whether expressed by word order or by inflected forms; also, any of these forms or sets of forms, esp. the Modern English subjective, objective, and possessive forms of pronouns and possessive form of nouns
Origin: Middle English and amp; Old French cas, an event ; from Classical Latin casus, a chance, literally , falling, past participle of cadere, to fall ; from Indo-European base an unverified form ad-, to fall from source Sanskrit ad-, to fall off
- a container, as a box, crate, chest, sheath, or folder
- a protective cover or covering part: a leather case, seedcase
- a full box or its contents: a case of beer
- a set or pair: a case of pistols
- a frame as for a window or door
- a shallow compartmented tray in which printing type is kept
Origin: Middle English ; from Old French dialect, dialectal casse (OFr chasse) ; from Classical Latin capsa, box ; from capere, to take, hold: see have
case definition by American Heritage Dictionary
- An instance of something; an occurrence; an example: a case of mistaken identity. See Synonyms at example.
- An occurrence of a disease or disorder: a mild case of flu.
- A set of circumstances or a state of affairs; a situation: It may rain, in which case the hike will be canceled.
- Actual fact; reality: We suspected the walls were hollow, and this proved to be the case.
- A question or problem; a matter: It is simply a case of honor.
- A situation that requires investigation, especially by a formal or official body.
- Law a. An action or a suit or just grounds for an action.b. The facts or evidence offered in support of a claim.
- A set of reasons or supporting facts; an argument: presented a good case for changing the law.
- A person being assisted, treated, or studied, as by a physician, lawyer, or social worker.
- Informal A peculiar or eccentric person; a character.
- Linguistics a. In traditional grammar, a distinct form of a noun, pronoun, or modifier that is used to express one or more particular syntactic relationships to other words in a sentence.b. Case In some varieties of generative grammar, the thematic or semantic role of a noun phrase as represented abstractly but not necessarily indicated overtly in surface structure. In such frameworks, nouns in English have Case even in the absence of inflectional case endings.
Origin: Middle English cas, from Old French, from Latin cāsus, from past participle of cadere, to fall; see kad- in Indo-European roots.
- A container; a receptacle: a jewelry case; meat-filled cases of dough.
- A container with its contents.
- A decorative or protective covering or cover.
- A set or pair: a case of pistols.
- The frame or framework of a window, door, or stairway.
- The surface or outer layer of a metal alloy.
- Printing A shallow compartmented tray for storing type or type matrices.
- To put into or cover with a case; encase.
- Slang To examine carefully, as in planning a crime: cased the bank before robbing it.
Origin: Middle English, from Norman French casse, from Latin capsa.
case - Computer Definition
(1) See computer case.
(2) (Computer-Aided Software Engineering or Computer-Aided Systems Engineering) Software that is used in any and all phases of developing an information system, including analysis, design and programming. For example, data dictionaries and diagramming tools aid in the analysis and design phases, while application generators speed up the programming phase. Higher-Level Describing and Less Programming CASE tools provide automated methods for designing and documenting traditional structured programming techniques. The ultimate goal of CASE is to provide a language for describing the overall system that is sufficient to generate all the necessary programs. See application generator. See also case statement.
case - Cultural Definition
A grammatical category indicating whether nouns and pronouns are functioning as the subject of a sentence (nominative case) or the object of a sentence (objective case), or are indicating possession (possessive case). He is in the nominative case, him is in the objective case, and his is in the possessive case. In a language such as English, nouns do not change their form in the nominative or objective case. Only pronouns do. Thus, ball stays the same in both “the ball is thrown,” where it is the subject, and in “Harry threw the ball,” where it is the object.
case - Legal Definition
- An action, cause of action, controversy, proceeding, or suit at law or in equity filed with a court.
- Same as trespass on the case. See trespass.
- The aggregate of the evidence presented at trial by a party in support of their argument or position.
case - Medical Definition
case - Phrases/Idioms
get on someone's caseor get off someone's caseâ
in any case
in case of
in no case
in any case
- If it happens that; if.
- As a precaution: took along an umbrella, just in case.
in case of
off (someone's) case
on (someone's) case