It serves for the thatching of roofs, for a papermaking material, for ornamenting small surfaces as a "strawmosaic," for plaiting into door and table mats, mattresses, &c., and for weaving and plaiting into light baskets, artificial flowers, &c. These applications, however, are insignificant in comparison with the place occupied by straw as a raw material for the straw bonnets and hats worn by both sexes.
The plaits are sewed partly by hand and in a special sewing-machine, and the hats or bonnets are finished by stiffening with gelatin size and blocking into shape with the aid of heat and powerful pressure, according to the dictates of fashion.
The Kara-Kalpaks ("Black Bonnets") number about 104,000.
Avec son scapulaire et a mis dans capuchon six bonnets lectoraux.
Lemoine, La Revolte du papier timbre ou des bonnets rouges en Bretagne en 1675 (1898); M.