(third-person singular simple present allays, present participle allaying, simple past and past participle allayed)
- To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm.
- to allay popular excitement
- to allay the tumult of the passions
- To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
- to allay the severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity
- When the rage allays.
- (archaic) To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.
From Middle English alayen, aleyen, aleggen, from Old English ālecgan (“to put, place, lay down, lay aside, throw down, give up, cease from, abandon; put down, allay, suppress, abolish, conquer, destroy, overcome, refute; lay upon, inflict, impose upon; diminish, take away, refuse, lessen, withhold”), from Proto-Germanic *uzlagjaną (“to lay down”), equivalent to a- + lay. Cognate with German erlegen (“to impose, cause to succumb, kill”), Gothic [script?] (uslagjan, “to lay down”). In Middle English the word was identical to forms of allege and alloy, leading to much overlapping of senses. [script?]