absent[ab′sənt; for v., ab sent′, əb-]
The empty chair indicates an absent student.
- Absent is defined as not in attendance or missing.
An example of absent is a student who stays home from school.
- The definition of absent is something that does not exist.
An example of absent is the lack of oxygen on the moon.
- Absent is someone who is not paying attention.
An example of someone who is absent is a person who is daydreaming.
- Absent means taking the action to purposefully stay away or go away, often from a bad or unpleasant situation.
An example of absent would be audience members leaving during a bad movie.
- not present; away
- not existing; lacking
- not attentive; absorbed in thought
Origin of absentMiddle English ; from Old French ; from Classical Latin absens, present participle of abesse ; from ab-, away + esse, to be: see is
- Not present; missing: absent friends; absent parents.
- Not existent; lacking: a country in which morality is absent.
- Exhibiting or feeling inattentiveness: an absent nod.
transitive verbab·sent·ed, ab·sent·ing, ab·sents
Origin of absentMiddle English, from Old French, from Latin absēns, absent-, present participle of abesse, to be away : ab-, away; see ab–1 + esse, to be; see es- in Indo-European roots.
(comparative absenter, superlative absentest)
- (not comparable) Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (not comparable) Not existing; lacking. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- The part was rudimental or absent.
- (sometimes comparable) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
- (obsolete) Absentee; a person who is away on occasion. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the early 19th century.]
- (law) In the absence of; without. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
(third-person singular simple present absents, present participle absenting, simple past and past participle absented)
- (now reflexive) Keep away; stay away; go away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (rare) Leave. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
From Old French absenter, from Late Latin absentare (“keep away, be away”).