Absent meaning

ăbsənt
Frequency:
The definition of absent is something that does not exist.

An example of absent is the lack of oxygen on the moon.

adjective
3
3
Not present; missing.

Absent friends; absent parents.

adjective
3
4
Absent is defined as not in attendance or missing.

An example of absent is a student who stays home from school.

adjective
3
5
Absent means taking the action to purposefully stay away or go away, often from a bad or unpleasant situation.

An example of absent would be audience members leaving during a bad movie.

verb
2
3
Not existent; lacking.

A country in which morality is absent.

adjective
1
3
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Exhibiting or feeling inattentiveness.

An absent nod.

adjective
0
0
To keep (oneself) away.

They absented themselves from the debate.

verb
0
0
Without.
preposition
0
0
Not present; away.
adjective
0
0
Not existing; lacking.
adjective
0
0
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Not attentive; absorbed in thought.
adjective
0
0
To keep (oneself) away.

To absent oneself from classes.

verb
0
0
In the absence of; lacking.

Absent her testimony, our case is weak.

preposition
0
0
(not comparable) Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
adjective
0
0
(not comparable) Not existing; lacking. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]

The part was rudimental or absent.

adjective
0
0
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(rare) Leave. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
verb
0
0
Absent is someone who is not paying attention.

An example of someone who is absent is a person who is daydreaming.

adjective
0
1
(sometimes comparable) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
adjective
0
1
(obsolete) Absentee; a person who is away on occasion. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the early 19th century.]
noun
0
1
(law) In the absence of; without. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
preposition
0
1
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(now reflexive) Keep away; stay away; go away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
verb
0
1

Origin of absent

  • Middle English from Old French from Latin absēns absent- present participle of abesse to be away ab- away ab–1 esse to be es- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English absent, Middle French absent, from Old French ausent, and their source, Latin absens, present participle of abesse (“to be away from”), from ab (“away”) + esse (“to be”).

    From Wiktionary

  • From Old French absenter, from Late Latin absentare (“keep away, be away”).

    From Wiktionary