Sustain definition

sə-stān
To support from or as from below; carry the weight or burden of.
verb
6
5
To experience or suffer.

Sustained minor injuries.

verb
1
1
To strengthen the spirits, courage, etc. of; comfort; buoy up; encourage.
verb
4
5
Sustain is defined as to support something or to endure a trial or hardship.

An example of sustain is for a foundation to support the house.

An example of sustain is to survive days without food or water.

verb
1
2
To support from below; keep from falling or sinking; prop.

The beams sustain the weight of the roof.

verb
1
2
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To affirm the validity of.

The judge has sustained the prosecutor's objection.

verb
0
1
To keep in existence; maintain, continue, or prolong.

Sustain an effort.

verb
0
1
To keep up (a joke or assumed role, for example) competently.
verb
0
1
To supply with necessities or nourishment; provide for.

The income needed to sustain a family.

verb
0
1
To support the spirits, vitality, or resolution of; encourage.

We were sustained by her unflagging optimism.

verb
0
1
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To bear up under; withstand.

Can't sustain the blistering heat.

verb
0
1
To support or adequately maintain over a long period of time; (in court) to uphold; to rule in favor of; to corroborate. See also overrule.
verb
0
1
(music) A mechanism which can be used to hold a note, as the right pedal on a piano.
noun
0
1
To maintain, or keep in existence.
verb
0
1
To provide for or nourish.

Provisions to sustain an army.

verb
0
1
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To encourage (something).
verb
0
1

To sustain a charge, an accusation, or a proposition.

verb
0
1
To aid, comfort, or relieve; to vindicate.

verb
0
1
To keep in existence; keep up; maintain or prolong.

To sustain a mood.

verb
6
8
To bear up against; endure; withstand.
verb
0
2
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To undergo or suffer (an injury, loss, etc.)
verb
0
2
To uphold the validity or justice of.

To sustain a verdict.

verb
0
2
To confirm; corroborate.
verb
0
2
To experience or suffer (an injury, etc.).
verb
0
2
To keep from falling; to bear; to uphold; to support.

A foundation sustains the superstructure; an animal sustains a load; a rope sustains a weight.

verb
0
2
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To provide for the support of; specif., to provide sustenance or nourishment for.
verb
3
6
A capacity of a musical instrument to continue the resounding of a note or tone.
noun
5
11

Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
sustain
Plural:
sustains

Origin of sustain

  • Middle English sustenen from Old French sustenir from Latin sustinēre sub- from below sub– tenēre to hold ten- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Old French sustenir (French: soutenir), from Latin sustineo, from sub- + teneo.

    From Wiktionary