(third-person singular simple present abides, present participle abiding, simple past abode or abided, past participle abode, abided, or (rare), abidden)
- (intransitive) To stay; to continue in a place; to remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to be left. [First attested from around (1150 to 1350).]
- (intransitive, archaic) To have one's abode; to dwell; to reside; to sojourn. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- (intransitive) To endure. to remain; to last. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- To stand ready for; to await for someone; watch for. [First attested prior to around 1150.]
- To endure without yielding; to withstand; await defiantly; to encounter; to persevere. [First attested from around (1150 to 1350).]
- The old oak tree abides the wind endlessly.
- To await submissively; accept without question; submit to. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with; stand. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
- To pay for; to stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for; to atone for. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
From Middle English abiden, from Old English ābīdan (“to abide, wait, remain, delay, remain behind; survive; wait for, await; expect”), from Proto-Germanic *uzbīdaną (“to expect, tolerate”), equivalent to a- + bide. Cognate with Scots abyde (“to abide, remain”), Middle High German erbīten (“to await, expect”), Gothic (usbeidan, “to expect, await, have patience”). The sense of pay for is due to influence from aby.