Plight meaning

plīt
Frequency:
Plight is a bad or unfortunate situation.

An example of plight is living in poverty.

noun
13
4
A condition or state of affairs; esp., now, an awkward, sad, or dangerous situation.
noun
8
3
A situation, especially a bad or unfortunate one.
noun
8
4
To give or pledge (one's word or oath, for example).
verb
7
2
To promise or bind by a solemn pledge, especially to betroth.
verb
6
2
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A dire or unfortunate situation. [from 14th c.]
noun
2
0
(now rare) A (neutral) condition or state. [from 14th c.]
noun
2
0
A solemn pledge, as of faith.
noun
1
0
To pledge or promise, or bind by a pledge.
verb
1
0
A pledge.
noun
1
0
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(now chiefly dialectal) Responsibility for ensuing consequences; risk; danger; peril.
noun
1
0
(now chiefly dialectal) An instance of danger or peril; a dangerous moment or situation.
noun
1
0
(now chiefly dialectal) Blame; culpability; fault; wrong-doing; sin; crime.
noun
1
0
(now chiefly dialectal) One's office; duty; charge.
noun
1
0
(archaic) That which is exposed to risk; that which is plighted or pledged; security; a gage; a pledge.
noun
1
0
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(now rare) To expose to risk; to pledge.
verb
0
0
Specifically, to pledge (one's troth etc.) as part of a marriage ceremony.
verb
0
0
(reflexive) To promise (oneself) to someone, or to do something.
verb
0
0
(obsolete) To weave; to braid; to fold; to plait.
verb
0
0
(obsolete) A network; a plait; a fold; rarely a garment.
noun
0
0
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plight (one's) troth
  • To become engaged to marry.
  • To give one's solemn oath.
idiom
0
0
plight one's troth
  • to pledge one's truth, or one's word
  • to make a promise of marriage
idiom
0
0

Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

plight (one's) troth
plight one's troth

Origin of plight

  • Middle English alteration (influenced by plight risky promise or pledge) of plit fold, wrinkle, situation from Anglo-Norman from Latin plicitum neuter past participle of plicāre to fold plek- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Middle English plighten from Old English plihtan to endanger, put at risk from pliht danger, risk dlegh- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English plight (“risk, danger"), from Old English pliht (“peril, risk, danger, damage, plight"), from Proto-Germanic *plihtiz (“care, responsibility, duty"). A suffixed form of the root represented by Old English pleoh (“risk, danger, hurt, peril"; also "responsibility") and plÄ“on (“to endanger, risk"). Akin to Old English plihtan (“to endanger, compromise"). Cognate with Scots plicht (“responsibility, plight"), Dutch plicht, Low German plicht (“duty"), German Pflicht (“duty"). More at pledge.

    From Wiktionary

  • Middle English plit (“fold, wrinkle, bad situation"), conflation of Middle English pliht, plight (“risky promise, peril") (from Old English pliht "danger, risk") and Anglo-Norman plit, plyte (“fold, condition"), from Old French pleit (“condition, manner of folding") (from Vulgar Latin *plictum, from Latin plicitum (“fold")).

    From Wiktionary

  • Through Old French, from Latin plectare. German flechten (“to plait") and Danish flette are probably unrelated.

    From Wiktionary